On This Day

1526 in History

Events in History


AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jan 14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
King
Francis I of France
  • Feb 8 Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
  • Feb 27 Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • Mar 15 French Dauphin Francis and his brother Henry exchanged as hostages for their father Francis I, beginning four years of captivity in Spain under Treaty of Madrid
  • Mar 17 French King Francis I freed from Spain
  • Mar 26 King Francis I returns from Spanish captivity to France

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of Panipat

Apr 21 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India
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The Battle of Panipat, fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Kingdom
The Battle of Panipat, fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Kingdom
  • Apr 22 1st slave revolt in the American colonies occurs in South Carolina
  • May 2 German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldic League
  • May 22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • Jun 1 Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 29 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • Nov 9 Jews are expelled from Pressburg (Bratislava), Hungary, by Maria of Hapsburg
  • Nov 10 John I Zapolyai of Transsylvania chosen as king of Hungary
  • Dec 17 Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
  • Dec 17 Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 19 Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
  • Apr 12 Marc-Antoine de Muret, French humanist, born in Muret, France (d. 1585)
  • Aug 20 Peter Opmeer, Dutch church historian and humanist (Historia Martyrum) (d. 1595)
  • Nov 1 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1583)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 10 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal, his 1st cousin, in Seville

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark, dies at 24
  • Feb 23 Diego Columbus [Colón], Portuguese navigator, son of Christopher Columbus, and 2nd Viceroy of the Indies (1511-1526), dies at 45
  • Mar 30 Konrad Mutian, German humanist, dies at 54
  • May 19 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara, 104th Emperor of Japan (1500-26), dies at 63
  • Aug 4 Juan Sebastian Cano, Spanish explorer, dies
  • Aug 29 Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia, dies in accident at 20