On This Day

1527 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin
  • Jan 5 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)
  • Feb 24 Ferdinand of Austria crowned as king of Bohemia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Mar 16 Battle of Khanua: Mughal Emperor Babur defeats Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga consolidating Mughal power

Founder of the Mughal Empire Babur
Founder of the Mughal Empire

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Apr 30 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in attempt to win War of the League of Cognac

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • May 6 Spanish and German Imperial troops sack Rome, ending the Renaissance
  • May 16 Florence becomes a republic
  • May 17 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive
  • May 30 University of Marburg (Germany) founded

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Pope Clement VII surrenders to Emperor Charles V's armies

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Paracelsus publicly burns standard medical textbooks in Basle as a protest against the current teaching and practice of medicine

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
  • Jun 24 Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Catholic possessions
  • Aug 3 First known letter sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland
  • Nov 3 Ferdinand of Austria/Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary
  • Nov 15 Treaty of Beautiful garden (emperor-ecclesiastical goods)
  • Nov 26 Pope Clemens VII signs treaty with emperor Karel I
  • Dec 6 Pope Clemens VII flees to Orvieto

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 14 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and dealer in maps, books, and antiquities (Theatrum orbis terrarum), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1598)
  • May 21 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1598)
  • Jul 13 John Dee, English alchemist, astrologer and mathematician, born in London, England (d. 1609)
  • Jul 31 Maximilian II, German King/Emperor (1564-76)
  • Oct 21 Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1578)
  • Nov 18 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, born in Moneglia, Republic of Genoa (d. 1585)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)
  • May 6 Karel van Bourbon, military governor (Lombardije), dies at 37

Person of interestNiccolo Machiavelli

Jun 21 Niccolo Machiavelli, Florentine statesman and author, dies at 57

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Jul 28 Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador (founded city of Santa Marta), murdered by some of his men
  • Aug 3 Scaramuccia Trivulzio, Italian cardinal
  • Nov 8 Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
  • Nov 15 Princess Catherine of York, 9th child and sixth daughter of King Edward IV by his wife Elizabeth Woodville, dies at 48
  • Nov 20 Wendelmoet "Weyntjen" Claesdochter, 1st Dutch woman burned as heretic