On This Day

1538 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 27 States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
  • Feb 24 Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • Jun 10 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jun 18 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Jul 15 Peace talks between Charles I and King Francois I
  • Jul 25 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil
  • Aug 6 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
  • Sep 21 Shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation
  • Sep 28 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece
  • Oct 28 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola
  • Dec 16 King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants


Dec 17 Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Louis of Nassau, Dutch general, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1574)
  • Jan 15 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1599)
  • Mar 10 Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth (1572)
  • Apr 24 Gugliemo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat (1550-87), born in Mantua, Italy (d. 1587)
  • Apr 26 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), born in Milan (d. 1600)
  • Oct 2 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-84), born in Arona, Milan, Italy (d. 1584)
  • Oct 31 Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian, born in Sora, Italy (d. 1607)
  • Dec 10 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1612)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 12 Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57
  • Feb 16 Everhard/Erardus van de Mark, prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65
  • Feb 26 Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
  • Mar 21 Hugo, earl of Leisnig, governor of Frisia, dies at about 79
  • May 8 Edward Fox, English bishop
  • May 22 John Forrest, English Franciscan friar (martyred) (b. 1471)
  • Jun 30 Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelder and Earl of Zutphen, dies at 70

BattleDiego de Almagro

Jul 8 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro
  • Aug 20 Aefgen Listinck, Dutch anabaptist, burned at stake
  • Sep 14 Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg & Dietz, viceroy of Holland, dies