On This Day

1541 in History

Events in History

Victory in battleNew Settlement

Jan 15 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France

  • Feb 12 Santiago, Chile, founded (or Feb 24)
  • Feb 24 Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
  • Apr 4 Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
  • Apr 7 Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies
  • Apr 25 -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 King Henry VIII orders a bible in English be placed in every church in England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Historic DiscoveryHernando de Soto's Expedition lands in Florida

May 8 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his expedition discover the Mississippi River

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Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto lands on the coast of Florida, somewhere between present-day Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto lands on the coast of Florida, somewhere between present-day Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor
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  • Jun 18 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland
  • Jul 9 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire
  • Aug 18 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

Aug 23 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • Sep 11 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting "The Last Judgement" in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • Nov 9 Queen Catherine Howard (Henry VIII's fifth wife) confined in Tower of London
  • Dec 29 Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 26 Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
  • Mar 25 Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1587)
  • Apr 8 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1593)
  • Oct 31 Hendrik van Kinschot, Dutch lawyer
  • Nov 9 Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar and theologist, born in Eelde, Netherlands (d. 1612)

Weddings in History

  • Jun 14 Duke Willem van Gulik of Gelre marries Jeanne d'Albret

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Bernard van Orley, Flemish royal painter of Hungary, dies at about 52
  • May 27 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, beheaded at 67 for treason in Tower of London by Henry VIII

MurderFrancisco Pizarro

Jun 26 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • Jul 4 Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish occupier, dies at about 56
  • Aug 1 Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)

Person of interestParacelsus

Sep 24 Paracelsus, Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, Laudanum), dies at 47

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
  • Oct 18 Margaret Tudor, Queen consort of Scots as wife of James IV of Scotland (1503-13), dies at 51
  • Dec 24 Andreas R Bodenstein von Carlstadt, radical Lutheran, dies at about 61