On This Day

1542 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 21 English Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
  • Feb 2 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • May 6 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, then capital of Portuguese India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
  • Jul 12 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupy Flanders
  • Jul 21 Pope Paul III begins inquisition against Protestants (Sactum Officium)
  • Aug 2 French troops leave Flanders
  • Aug 23 Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • Aug 24 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • Aug 28 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • Sep 28 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay, naming it San Miguel and claims it for Spain
  • Oct 7 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers Catalina Island off the coast of California
  • Nov 22 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • Nov 24 Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 14 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 15 Richard Grenville, English parliament leader/vice-admiral (Roanoke)
  • Jun 24 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite mystic, saint, priest and poet, born in Fontiveros, Ávila, Spain (d. 1591)
  • Sep 25 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Willem & Juliana van Stolberg, born in Dillenburg (d. 1603)
  • Oct 4 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint (Doctor of the Church), born in Montepulciano, Italy (d. 1621)

Person of interestAkbar

Oct 15 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh (d. 1605)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor

Person of interestMary, Queen of Scots

Dec 8 Mary, Queen of Scots [Mary Stuart], Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland (d. 1587)

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Gerardus Noviomagus [Gerrit Geldenhauer], Dutch theologist, die at 59
  • Feb 1 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal, dies at 61
  • Feb 13 Catherine Howard, Queen of England (1540-42), 5th wife of Henry VIII, beheaded at 18 or 19 for adultery
  • Feb 13 Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, sister-in-law of King Henry VIII of England, beheaded in the Tower of London at 36 or 37

Person of interestHernando de Soto

May 21 Hernando de Soto, Spanish conquistador and 1st European to discover the Mississippi River, dies while searching for gold, near the Mississippi River at about 46

Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador
Hernando de Soto
  • Jun 19 Leo Jud[ae], Swiss pastor/church reformer
  • Aug 24 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (b. 1483)
  • Aug 29 Cristovão da Gama, Portuguese soldier (born c. 1516)
  • Sep 16 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • Sep 21 Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet
  • Oct 6 Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b. 1503)
  • Oct 27 Abraham ben Avigdor, rabbi/author (commentary on Tur), dies
  • Dec 14 James V, King of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • Dec 28 Albert Pigge [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52