On This Day

1549 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 21 Act of Uniformity passed by the English Parliament requiring clergy use The Book of Common Prayer
  • Feb 10 Tomé de Sousa appointed as the 1st Governor-General of Brazil
  • Mar 29 The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded

Historic PublicationBook of Common Prayer

Jun 9 Book of Common Prayer is adopted by the Church of England

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The First Book of Common Prayer
The First Book of Common Prayer
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  • Jul 12 Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England
  • Jul 17 Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
  • Jul 27 1st Christian missionary in Japan, Jesuit priest Francis Xavier reaches Japan but is not permitted to enter any port until 15 August
  • Aug 8 Henry II of France declares war on England and orders the siege of Boulogne
  • Aug 12 French troops conquer Ambleteuse, in the Pas-de-Calais, and kill all the English prisoners.
  • Aug 15 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
  • Aug 27 Battle of Dussindale: John Dudley Earl of Warwick destroys Robert Kett's army, ending Kett's rebellion in Norfolk, England
  • Sep 13 Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • Oct 10 Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector & imprisoned
  • Oct 12 John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, forces the Duke of Somerset out of his office as Lord Protector.

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 11 Henric/Hendrik Spieghel, Dutch Renaissance writer and poet (Hertspiegel)
  • Jul 30 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1609)
  • Sep 1 Charles Philip of Croij, marquis of Havre/earl of Fontenoy, etc
  • Oct 1 Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Flemish Roman Catholic nun, born in Almendral de la Cañada, Old Castile, Crown of Castile (d. 1626)
  • Nov 2 Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Cigales, Spain (d. 1580)
  • Nov 5 Philippe de Mornay (or Philippe Du-Plessis-Mornay), French writer, born in Buhy, France (d. 1623)
  • Dec 1 Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Barthout van Assendelft, 1st land advocate of Holland, dies
  • Jan 23 Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • Jan 28 Elia Levita, German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80
  • Mar 20 Thomas Seymour of Sudely, English Lord Admiral, beheaded
  • May 27 Lijsbeth Dirksdr, Fries antabaptist, drowns
  • Jun 7 Eelke Fouckens, Frisian anabaptist, beheaded
  • Nov 10 Paul III [Alessandro Farnese], Italian Pope (1534-49), dies at 81
  • Dec 21 Marguerite of Navarre, Queen of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre, dies at 57