On This Day

1552 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 12 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, hundreds killed
  • Jan 15 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants
  • Jan 23 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • Feb 15 Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • Feb 24 Privileges of Hanseatic League in England are abrogated
  • Mar 26 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
  • Apr 4 Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
  • Apr 10 Henri II of France occupies Metz
  • Apr 18 Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • Apr 19 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • Jun 12 Land guardians of Netherlands attack Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano
  • Jul 17 Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 2 Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Aug 5 Battle of Ponza: Ottoman naval fleet led by Dragut defeats Genoese fleet under Andrea Doria capturing seven galleys

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • Oct 15 Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • Oct 29 Tsar Ivan IV escapes back to Moscow after battle
  • Oct 31 Emperor Karel & Markgraaf Albecht strike siege of Metz

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), born in Mileham, Norfolk, England (d. 1634)
  • Feb 8 Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
  • Feb 19 Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
  • Feb 28 Jost Bürgi [Jobst Bürg], Swiss clockmaker and mathematician, born in Lichtensteig, Switzerland (d. 1632)
  • Apr 15 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1626)
  • Jun 18 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, born in Savona, Italy (d. 1637)
  • Jul 18 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • Aug 14 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian and statesman, born in Venice (d. 1623)
  • Aug 24 Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1614)
  • Oct 6 Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (China), born in Macerata, Italy (d. 1610)
  • Dec 30 Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), dies at 64
  • Jan 11 Johannes Cochlaeus [Dobeneck], German humanist/theologist, dies
  • Jan 22 Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason
  • Mar 29 Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh Guru, dies at 47
  • Apr 14 Laurentius Andreae [Lars Andersson], Swedish church reformer, dies
  • Apr 18 John Leland, English poet & antiquarian, dies at 49
  • Apr 21 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 57
  • Jun 10 Alexander Barclay, English poet
  • Aug 15 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)
  • Oct 14 Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • Oct 17 Andreas Osiander, Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
  • Dec 2 Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)
  • Dec 3 St Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary to the East (b. 1506)