On This Day

1553 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 29 Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
  • Jun 12 King Edward VI accepts Archbishop Cranmer's "42 Articles"
  • Jun 26 Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
  • Jul 9 Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, proclaimed Queen of England, succeeds Edward VI, who proclaimed his half-sisters illegitimate. Reigns for nine days.

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey
  • Jul 19 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days
  • Jul 20 John Dudley, Lord President of the Council under Edward VI, captured in Cambridge
  • Aug 12 Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of Jewish Talmud

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • Aug 23 Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • Sep 8 City of Lichfield, England, founded
  • Sep 13 English bishop Hugh Latimer arrested
  • Oct 21 Volumes of Talmud are burned
  • Oct 27 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva
  • Nov 13 English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason
  • Dec 25 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 22 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
  • Mar 29 Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet, born in Trapezonda, Sitia, Kingdom of Candia (d. 1613 or 1614)
  • Apr 30 Louise de Lorraine, Queen consort of France (1575-89), born in Nomeny, Bar, France (d. 1601)

Person of interestAlbert Frederick

May 7 Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia (1568–1618), born in Konigsberg, Duchy of Prussia (d. 1618)

Duke of Prussia Albert Frederick
Duke of Prussia
Albert Frederick
  • May 14 Margaret of Valois, Queen of France, wife of Henry IV (1572-99), daughter of Henry II, born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1615)
  • Jun 5 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, born in Urbino, Marche, Italy (d. 1617)
  • Jun 15 Ernst, archduke of Austria/governor of the Netherlands
  • Jul 15 Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
  • Nov 23 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)

Person of interestHenry IV of France

Dec 13 Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610) and France (1589-1610), born in Pau, Navarre (d. 1610)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

May 21 Lady Jane Grey (15), later English queen for 9 days, marries Lord Guildford Dudley (18)

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey

Deaths in History

  • Feb 19 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), dies at 41
  • Feb 25 Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
  • Apr 9 Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua, Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • Jul 6 Edward VI Tudor, King of England (1547-53), dies at 15
  • Jul 9 Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • Jul 11 Mauritius, duke/monarch of Saksen (1547-53), dies of injuries at 32
  • Aug 8 Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • Aug 17 Charles III, Duke of Savoy (1504-53), dies at 66
  • Aug 22 John Dudley, English Lord Admiral/premier (1551-53), beheaded
  • Sep 4 Cornelia da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
  • Oct 16 Lucas Cranach Sr, German painter, dies at 81
  • Oct 19 Bonifazio Veronese/Veneziano [de' Pitati], Italian painter, dies
  • Oct 27 Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • Oct 30 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • Dec 14 Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer, dies at 68