On This Day

1554 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Jan 12 Bayinnaung crowned King of Burma, goes on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • Jan 25 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • Jan 25 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • Feb 9 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed


Feb 12 Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 9 Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)
  • Jan 20 King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • Mar 26 Charles, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader, born in Alençon, France (d. 1611)
  • Mar 27 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1627)
  • Jul 5 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen consort of France (1570-74), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1592)
  • Nov 30 Philip Sidney, English Elizabethan era poet (Arcadia) and soldier, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1586)
  • Dec 17 Ernest of Bavaria, Prince-elector-archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne, born in Munich (d. 1612)
  • Dec 19 Philip William, Prince of Orange (1584) and Knight of the Golden Fleece (1599), born in Buren, Gelderland (d. 1618)

Weddings in History

  • Jul 24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem
  • Jul 25 Mary I of England (37) marries Prince Philip of Spain (27) (later Philip II) at Winchester Cathedral, England

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador & first royal governor of Chile, dies at 56
  • Jan 16 Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)

Person of interestJane Grey

Feb 12 Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days, beheaded for treason at 16

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey
  • Feb 12 Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey's husband, beheaded at about 19 for treason
  • Feb 21 Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies
  • Feb 23 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
  • Mar 3 Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
  • Apr 11 Thomas Wyatt the younger, English rebel (b. 1521)
  • Jun 19 Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • Aug 25 Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English great admiral, dies

Person of interestFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado

Sep 22 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer and conquistador who led 1st European expedition to discover the Grand Canyon, dies of disease at about 44

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado