On This Day

1555 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 9 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy
  • Apr 9 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • Apr 17 Siena surrenders to Spanish troops
  • May 23 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • Jul 2 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola
  • Sep 25 Freedom of Religion in Augsburg
  • Sep 30 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Oct 21 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
  • Oct 25 Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands, Naples and Milan
  • Nov 12 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • Nov 17 William of Orange becomes member of Council of State

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 21 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1619)
  • Aug 1 Edward Kelley, British spirit medium and Renaissance occultist, born in Worcester, England (d. 1597)
  • Sep 23 Louise de Coligny, French 4th wife of Willem of Orange
  • Dec 4 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet, born in Barntrup, Germany (d. 1625)
  • Dec 27 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, born in Edderitz, Anhalt-Köthen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1621)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 John Hooper, deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • Feb 9 Rowland Taylor, English clergyman, dies at 44
  • Mar 23 Julius III [Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte], Counter-Reformation Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
  • Mar 27 William Hunter, Protestant martyr
  • Apr 12 Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75
  • May 1 Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini], Italian humanist and Pope (1555, 22 days), dies at 53
  • May 25 Henry II of Navarre (b. 1503)
  • Jun 7 Maarten van Rossum, Dutch army leader, dies at about 76
  • Jun 23 Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • Aug 8 Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
  • Sep 8 Thomas Villanova, Spanish saint/archbishop of Valencia, dies
  • Oct 7 Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
  • Oct 9 Justus Jonas, German Protestant theologian and reformer, dies at 62
  • Oct 16 Hugh Latimer, English bishop and royal chaplain, burned at the stake as one of the Oxford Martyrs at 80
  • Oct 16 Nicholas Ridley, English theologist/bishop of Rochester, burned at the stake as an Oxford martyr
  • Nov 12 Stephen Gardiner, English bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • Nov 21 Georg Agricola [Bauer], German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • Nov 24 French Vervoort, Flemish mystic (Bruylocht Cleedt), dies at about 65