On This Day

1556 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 16 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • Jan 23 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • Jan 27 Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Feb 5 Kings Henri I and Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles
  • Feb 14 English Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
  • Mar 22 Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes archbishop of Canterbury
  • Mar 28 Karel V's son Philip II crowned King of Spain
  • Mar 28 Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • Apr 13 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • Sep 9 Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria emperor
  • Sep 12 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 13 Charles V & Maria of Hungary march into Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Sep 15 Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • Oct 17 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun as Sultan of Delhi

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • Nov 5 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra
  • Nov 23 King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai daimyō, born in Echigo Province (d. 1623)
  • Jan 27 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • Feb 7 Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren
  • Mar 7 Guillaume du Vair, French writer and thinker, born in Paris (d. 1621)
  • Mar 18 Francois of Valois, French duke of Anjou, youngest son of French King Henry II and Catherine de' Medici, Duke of Brabant, (d. 1584)
  • Nov 15 Jacques Davy Duperron, French Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Saint-Lô, Normandy, France (d. 1618)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 19 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • Mar 21 Thomas Cranmer, English reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), burned at stake at 66
  • Apr 18 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • May 28 Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)
  • Jul 31 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus, dies in Rome at about 65
  • Aug 25 David Jorisz, Flemish glass blower/sect leader, dies at about 54
  • Oct 31 John Sleidanus, German humanist/historian (Commentary), dies at 50
  • Nov 10 Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • Nov 14 Giovanni Della Casa, Italian poet (Galateo), dies at 53