Year 1556 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 23 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • Nov 5 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra
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Historical Figures Born in 1556

  • Jan 8 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai daimyō, born in Echigo Province (d. 1623)
  • Jan 27 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • Feb 7 Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren
  • Mar 7 Guillaume du Vair, French writer and thinker, born in Paris (d. 1621)
  • Mar 18 Francois of Valois, French duke of Anjou, youngest son of French King Henry II and Catherine de' Medici, Duke of Brabant, (d. 1584)

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Historical Figures Who Died in 1556

  • Mar 19 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • Mar 21 Thomas Cranmer, English reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), burned at stake at 66
  • Apr 18 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • May 28 Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)
  • Jul 31 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order, dies in Rome at about 65

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