On This Day

1557 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 27 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London
  • Apr 12 Cuenca is founded in Ecuador
  • Jun 7 England declares war on France
  • Aug 3 Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • Aug 10 Battle of St Quentin in Picardy: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont and Philibert, Duke of Savoy (Spanish Empire) beat the Duke of Montmorency (France)
  • Sep 11 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • Dec 3 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • Feb 11 John Wtenbogaert, remonstrants theologist
  • Feb 24 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • May 5 Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing, Baron of Montigny and Marquis of Renty, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1590)
  • May 31 Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Tsar of Russia (1584-98), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1598)
  • Aug 16 Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (Communion of St. Jerome), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1602)
  • Aug 19 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1608)
  • Sep 4 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1631)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Pontormo, Italian painter (Sepulture of Christ), dies at 62
  • Jan 8 Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth, dies at 34
  • Apr 9 Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies
  • Jun 11 John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1521-57), dies at 55
  • Jun 15 Sebastiaan Van Noyen, military master builder, dies

Person of interestAnne of Cleves

Jul 16 Anne of Cleves, Queen of England (1539-40), 4th wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
  • Aug 1 Olaus Magnus, Swedish writer (b. 1490)

Person of interestJacques Cartier

Sep 1 Jacques Cartier, French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, dies at 65

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • Sep 13 John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • Sep 27 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
  • Oct 5 Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter, dies at 63
  • Nov 19 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • Dec 13 Niccolo Tartaglia, Italian mathematician, dies