On This Day

1559 in History

Events in History


CrownRoyal Coronation

Jan 15 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Feb 16 Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
  • Mar 14 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands
  • Apr 2 England & France sign 1st Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • Apr 3 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • May 10 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • May 13 Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • Jun 22 Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • Aug 9 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland/Zealand/Utrecht
  • Aug 14 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla
  • Aug 22 Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
  • Sep 19 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 18 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • Sep 12 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter and architect, born in Tuscany, Italy (d. 1613)
  • Nov 13 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)
  • Nov 15 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)

Deaths in History


Person of interestChristian III

Jan 1 Christian III, King of Denmark (1534-59) and Norway (1537-59), dies at 55

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III

Person of interestChristian II

Jan 25 Christian II, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, dies at 77

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II
  • Jan 29 Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • Mar 14 Jacques d'Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed
  • Mar 16 Anthony St. Leger, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1496)
  • Mar 23 Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • Mar 30 Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

Person of interestHenry II

Jul 10 Henry II, King of France (1547-59), dies

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • Aug 18 Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa], Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • Sep 7 Robert Estienne, French printer (b. 1503)
  • Sep 10 Anthony Denny, English knight of the shire and confidant of King Henry VIII of England, dies at 58
  • Sep 15 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, dies of a long illness at 40
  • Nov 5 Kano Motonobu, Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83
  • Nov 18 Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
  • Nov 28 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, dies at about 58