On This Day

1559 in History

Events in History

CrownRoyal Coronation

Jan 15 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Feb 16 Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
  • Mar 14 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands
  • Apr 2 England & France sign 1st Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • Apr 3 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • May 10 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • May 13 Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • Jun 22 Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • Aug 9 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland/Zealand/Utrecht
  • Aug 14 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla
  • Aug 22 Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
  • Sep 19 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 18 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • Sep 12 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter and architect, born in Tuscany, Italy (d. 1613)
  • Nov 13 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)
  • Nov 15 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1621)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Christian III, King of Denmark and Norway (1534-59), dies at 55
  • Jan 25 Christian II, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, dies at 77
  • Jan 29 Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • Mar 14 Jacques d'Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed
  • Mar 16 Anthony St. Leger, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1496)
  • Mar 23 Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • Mar 30 Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

Person of interestHenry II

Jul 10 Henry II, King of France (1547-59), dies

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • Aug 18 Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa], Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • Sep 7 Robert Estienne, French printer (b. 1503)
  • Sep 10 Anthony Denny, English knight of the shire and confidant of King Henry VIII of England, dies at 58
  • Sep 15 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, dies of a long illness at 40
  • Nov 5 Kano Motonobu, Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83
  • Nov 18 Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
  • Nov 28 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, dies at about 58