On This Day

1560 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 7 Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, North Africa
  • Mar 13 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • Mar 15 Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise, France


Apr 13 Giovanni, son of Italian mathematician Girolamo Cardano is executed for poisoning his wife, despite his father's efforts to save him

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano
  • Jun 12 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
  • Jul 6 England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
  • Jul 29 Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Sep 25 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)
  • Jun 25 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), born in Hilden, Germany (d. 1634)
  • Jul 1 Charles III de Croÿ, Prince of Chimay and Duke of Aarschot, born in Beaumont, Hainaut (d. 1612)

Person of interestElizabeth Báthory

Aug 7 Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian countess and serial killer, born in Nyírbátor, Hungary (d. 1614)

Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History Elizabeth Báthory
Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History
Elizabeth Báthory
  • Nov 3 Annibale Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1609)
  • Dec 3 Jan Gruter, Flemish-born Dutch critic, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1627)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 31 Spanish King Philip II (10) marries Elisabeth of Valois (13), daughter of Henry II of France

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Guillaume du Bellay, Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies at 52
  • Jan 1 Joachim du Bellay, French poet & founder of the Pléiade, dies at 38
  • Jan 3 Peder Palladus, Danish church reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
  • Jan 28 John a Lasco [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies
  • Feb 7 Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)
  • Feb 16 Jean du Bellay, French Catholic cardinal and diplomat
  • Apr 19 Philipp Melanchton (Schwazerd), church reformer, dies at 63
  • Jun 10 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), dies of dropsy at 44
  • Jun 11 Marie Guise, Queen consort of Scotland upon her marriage to King James V of Scotland in 1538, dies at 44
  • Jun 12 Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • Jun 12 Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • Sep 8 Amy Robsart, wife of English premier Robert Dudley, dies by accident
  • Sep 29 Gustav I, King of Sweden (1523-60), dies
  • Sep 30 Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • Nov 25 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, dies at 93
  • Dec 5 Francis II, King of France (1559-60) and husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, dies of an ear infection at 16