On This Day

1561 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 28 By Edict of Orleans French persecution of Huguenots is suspended
  • Feb 22 William of Orange appointed viceroy of Burgundy and Charolais
  • Jul 2 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz
  • Jul 12 "Trinity Church" (now Saint Basil's Cathedral) is consecrated in Moscow, Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain
  • Oct 18 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflict
  • Nov 29 Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland
  • Dec 21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Archbishop of Mechelen, made Cardinal

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician, born in Flensburg, Germany (d. 1656)

Person of interestFrancis Bacon

Jan 22 Francis Bacon, Strand, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum), born in London, England (d. 1626)

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
  • Mar 29 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • Jun 24 Rombout Hogerbeets, Dutch lawyer and pension minister of Leiden, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1625)
  • Jul 11 Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet and writer, born in Córdoba, Spain (d. 1627)
  • Aug 24 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)
  • Aug 25 Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1632)
  • Sep 10 Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish-American colonial governor, born in Asunción (d. 1634)
  • Sep 29 Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician, born in Leuven (d. 1615)
  • Nov 21 Charles Scribani, IFlemish jesuit and author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1629)
  • Dec 7 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi–Momoyama period through early Edo period (d. 1625)
  • Dec 9 Edwin Sandys, English politician (leading Parliamentary opponent of King James I of England) and a founder of Virginia colony, born in Worcestershire, England (d. 1629)

Weddings in History

  • Aug 24 Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxon

Deaths in History

  • Jan 31 Menno Simons, Dutch priest and vicar whose followers are named the Mennonites, dies at around 65
  • Jan 31 Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
  • Feb 26 Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
  • Mar 4 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, dies at 41
  • Mar 25 Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
  • Oct 21 Johannes Vasaeus, Flemish humanist/historian, dies at about 49
  • Oct 27 Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)