On This Day

1564 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 26 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  • Feb 21 Philip II routes Cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comte
  • Mar 13 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • Apr 11 England & France sign Peace of Troyes
  • Apr 11 Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 William Shakespeare is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England

  • May 30 (-31st) The first battle of Öland (between the islands of Gotland and Öland): Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden
  • Jul 25 Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain
  • Sep 29 Robert Dudley becomes Earl of Leicester
  • Oct 18 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • Dec 31 Willem van Orange demands freedom of conscience/religion

Birthdays in History

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

Feb 15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Feb 26 Christopher Marlowe, English poet and dramatist (Dr Faustus), born in Canterbury, England (d. 1593) baptism date
  • Mar 9 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), born in Esens, Germany (d. 1617)

Person of interestWilliam Shakespeare

Apr 23 William Shakespeare, English Poet and playwright (Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth), born in Stratford upon Avon, (d. 1616) traditionally regarded as his birthdate,

  • Sep 24 William Adams, English navigator and 1st ever Western Samurai, born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1620)
  • Nov 22 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator against the rule of James I of England, born in Cobham Hall, Kent (d. 1619)
  • Dec 24 Abraham Bloemaert, Dutch painter & printmaker, born in Gorinchem (d. 1651)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)

Person of interestMichelangelo

Feb 18 Michelangelo, Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance (David, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel), dies at 88

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • May 2 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)

Person of interestJohn Calvin

May 27 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), dies at 54 (b. 1509)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • Jun 2 Gellius Faber [Jelle Smit], Fries theologist, dies
  • Jul 25 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1558-64), dies at 61
  • Oct 2 Andreas Vesalius [Andries van Wesel], Flemish physician and anatomist (De humani corporis fabrica), dies after being shipwrecked at 49
  • Oct 3 Christophorus Fabritius [Christoffel Smit], calvinist vicar, burned
  • Oct 4 Pietro P Vergerio, Italian theologist/bishop of Croatia, dies
  • Oct 18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)