On This Day

1565 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 25 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India
  • Mar 1 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Apr 27 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • Jun 14 Catharina de Medici and Duke of Alva discuss Calvinism
  • Jun 17 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
  • Jun 23 Turgut Reis [Dragut], commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • Sep 8 1st permanent European settlement in the US founded at St. Augustine, Florida
  • Sep 8 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
  • Sep 20 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • Nov 13 King Philip II's "Letters out Segovia" reaches Brussels
  • Nov 13 Pope Pius IV publishes decree Professi fidei
  • Dec 24 Compromise of the Nobles in Habsburg Netherlands closes against inquisition

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 2 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), born in Gouda, Holland (d. 1599)
  • May 15 Henrick de Keyser, architect/master builder of Amsterdam
  • Sep 28 Alessandro Tassoni, Italian political writer (Rape of Bucket), born in Modena, Italy (d. 1635)
  • Nov 10 Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and favorite of Elizabeth I, born in Herefordshire, England (d. 1601)
  • Nov 10 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer, born in Söderköping, Sweden (d. 1646)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 29 Mary, Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Robrecht de Berghes, prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64), dies
  • Mar 17 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • May 14 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist, dies at 81
  • Jun 12 Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • Jun 17 Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese 13th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate (1546-65), dies at 29
  • Oct 5 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (b. 1522)
  • Oct 12 Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • Oct 14 Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • Oct 22 Jean, Vicomte d'Aguisy Grolier de Servieres, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
  • Dec 9 Pius IV [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer and Pope (1559-65), dies at 66
  • Dec 13 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, dies at 49
  • Dec 18 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (L'Ercolano), dies at 62