On This Day

1566 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 Antonio "Michele" Ghislieri is elected Pope Pius V
  • Mar 9 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Apr 5 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • Aug 10 Protestant Iconoclasm "Beeldenstorm" begins in European Low Countries
  • Aug 20 Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp, Belgium
  • Aug 23 Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
  • Aug 25 Iconoclastic fury begins in Dutch province Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Sultan Selim II succeeds to the Ottoman throne

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 1 Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain

Birthdays in History

  • May 26 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1603)

Person of interestJames I and VI

Jun 19 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1625)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

Jun 20 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • Aug 12 Isabella Clara Eugenia, Sovereign of the Netherlands (1598-1621), born in Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain (d. 1633)
  • Oct 13 Richard Boyle, Irish politician, 1st Earl of Cork, born in Canterbury, Kent, England (d. 1643)
  • Dec 1 Philip, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, gov of Ft Gorinchem/Nijmegen
  • Dec 20 Edward Wightman, English radical Anabaptist, born in Burton upon Trent (d. 1612)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Ludovicus Blosius [Louis de Blois "Dacrianus"], wrtier, dies
  • Feb 3 George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • Mar 9 David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
  • Mar 28 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, dies at 79
  • Apr 25 Diane de Poitiers, French mistress of French King Henry II, dies at 66
  • Apr 25 Louise Labé, French poet
  • May 4 Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • May 10 Leonhard Fuchs, German physician and botanist (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) for which the flowering plants and color Fuchsia is named after, dies at 65

Person of interestNostradamus

Jul 2 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), dies at 62

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus
  • Jul 18 Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish friar and social historian, dies at 81
  • Jul 30 Guillaume Rondelet, French naturalist famous for his study of marine animals, dies at 58
  • Jul 31 Bartholome de Casas, Spanish historian/bishop of Chiapa, dies at 92
  • Aug 4 Girolamo della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Majolica relief), dies
  • Sep 2 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter, dies at 37

Person of interestSuleiman the Magnificent

Sep 5 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), dies at 71 [or Sep 6]

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • Sep 22 John Agricola [Schneider], German theologian, a friend of Martin Luther, dies at 72
  • Sep 27 Marcus A Vida [Marcus Hieronymus], Italian humanist/poet/bishop, dies
  • Nov 21 Annibale Caro, Italian writer and poet (Lettere familiare), dies at 59