On This Day

1568 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 24 Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire
  • Jan 24 In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw
  • Feb 17 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace
  • Mar 23 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 13 Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at Battle of Langside

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Mary, Queen of Scots

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • May 23 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • May 23 The Netherlands declares independence from Spain
  • Jun 1 Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
  • Jul 10 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • Jul 13 Dean of St. Paul's London, Alexander Nowell perfects a way to bottle beer
  • Jul 21 Battle at Jemmingen: Alva's troops beat Dutch rebellion
  • Oct 5 Conference of York begins: trial against Mary, Queen of Scots
  • Oct 5 William of Orange's army occupies Brabant
  • Oct 21 2nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten/Gnesiolutheranen
  • Dec 24 Uprising of Moriscos in Granada
  • Dec 26 Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 11 Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
  • Mar 9 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and saint, born in Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1591)
  • May 11 Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (Battle of White Mountain)
  • Sep 5 Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet, born in Stignano, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1639)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 15 Hendrik van Brederode, Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
  • Feb 19 Miles Coverdale, translator (1st complete English Bible), dies at 80

Person of interestAlbert of Prussia

Mar 20 Albert of Prussia, 1st Duke of Prussia, dies at 77

Duke of Prussia Albert of Prussia
Duke of Prussia
Albert of Prussia
  • May 23 Adolf van Nassau, German son of William I and Juliana of Stolberg, dies in battle at 27
  • Jun 1 18 nobles beheaded in Brussels for treason and heresy by Duke of Alva and authority of Council of Troubles
  • Jun 1 Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg, calvinist leader, beheaded
  • Jun 3 Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer, dies at 69
  • Jun 5 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman executed at 45
  • Jun 5 Philips van Montmorency count of Horne, admiral/statesman, beheaded
  • Jun 5 Willem Key, Flemish Renaissance painter, dies at about 47
  • Jul 6 Johann Oporinus, Swiss book publisher/publisher, dies at 61
  • Jul 23 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • Jul 24 Prince Don Carlos of Spain (b. 1545)
  • Sep 24 Antoon van Stralen, Flemish mayor of Antwerp, beheaded at about 47
  • Oct 3 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, dies in childbirth at 23
  • Oct 28 Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • Dec 23 Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I of England
  • Dec 31 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord, dies at 75