On This Day

1570 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • Jan 4 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • Jan 9 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod
  • Jan 23 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out


Feb 25 Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from allegiance to the crown.

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Feb 28 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • Mar 4 King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
  • Apr 14 Polish Calvinists, Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • Apr 24 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • May 10 Tsar Ivan IV becomes Protestant
  • May 22 1st atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jul 25 Battle of Arnay-le-Duc, Burgundy: Huguenot victory forces Charles IX of France to agree to a peace treaty that ends the Third War of Religion

  • Aug 8 Peace of Saint-Germain-and-Laye, more freedom for Huguenots
  • Aug 16 King Janos Sigismund Zapolyai signs secret treaty with Maximilian II
  • Nov 1 All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.
  • Dec 9 The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • Dec 13 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin

Birthdays in History

Person of interestGuy Fawkes

Apr 13 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, born in York, England (d. 1606)

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • Oct 4 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman, born in Nagyvárad, Principality of Transylvania (d. 1637)
  • Nov 28 James Whitelocke, English judge and politician (House of Common 1610-22) (d. 1632)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Bartholomeus Latomus [Steinmetz], Flemish archbishop of Trier, dies
  • Jan 8 Philibert de l'Orme, French royal architect (Château de Chenonceau), dies at about 55
  • Mar 12 Jacob van den Eynden, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
  • Jul 3 Antonio Paleario, Italian humanist, executed by inquisition at 67
  • Jul 25 Ivan Viskovati, chancellor of Russia, executed
  • Sep 11 Johannes Brenz, German theologist (Dutch Brentians), dies at 71
  • Oct 1 Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • Oct 14 Floris van Montmorency, baron of Montigny, dies at 43
  • Oct 16 Baron van Montigny, Dutch earl of Horne, murdered
  • Oct 18 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (b. 1517)
  • Oct 20 João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • Nov 27 Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)
  • Dec 5 Johan Friis, Danish statesman (b. 1494)