On This Day

1571 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Mar 19 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • Mar 25 Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 German astronomer Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • May 19 Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founds Manilla in the Philippines
  • May 20 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
  • Sep 4 Catholic rebellion in Scotland
  • Oct 4 -13] Synod of Emden, Calvinist leaders establish the Dutch Reformed Church.

Lepanto – The Battle That Saved EuropeLepanto – The Battle That Saved Europe

Oct 7 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece

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The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
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Birthdays in History

  • Jan 9 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
  • Jan 21 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)
  • Jan 22 Robert Bruce Cotton, English antiquary, politician
  • May 11 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (d. 1637)
  • Jul 16 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1633)
  • Sep 29 Caravaggio [Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio], Italian painter, (Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy), born in Milan [d. 1610] [date disputed]
  • Dec 9 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1635)

Person of interestJohannes Kepler

Dec 27 Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (discovered laws of planetary motion), born in Weil der Stadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1630)

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (1535-71), dies at 65
  • Jan 9 Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • Feb 12 Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
  • Feb 14 Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor, goldsmith and author (Perseus), dies at 70
  • Feb 14 Odet de Coligny, Cardinal of Châtillon and count of Beauvais, dies at 53
  • Apr 6 John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • Jun 1 John Story, English Catholic martyr, executed at Tyburn by being hung, drawn and quartered
  • Jul 15 Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
  • Jul 17 Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian and archaeologist, dies at 55
  • Sep 4 Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
  • Sep 23 John Jewel, English bishop, dies at 49
  • Oct 4 Claude Togniel d'Espence, French theologist (Sorbonne), dies at 60
  • Oct 7 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto
  • Oct 7 Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Denmark and Norway, dies at 60
  • Nov 24 Jan Blahoslav, Czech bishop, dies at 48