On This Day

1572 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 16 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England
  • Feb 5 Beggars assault Oisterwijk Neth, drive nuns out
  • Mar 12 Poet Luís Vaz de Camões publishes the epic poem "Os Lusíadas" in Portugal
  • Apr 1 Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
  • Apr 21 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • May 4 Veere sides with Geuzen
  • May 15 Louis van Nassau & huguenots occupy Valenciennes
  • Jun 9 Willem van Oranges army occupies Gelderland
  • Jun 11 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • Jun 19 Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • Jun 21 Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • Jun 24 5 clergymen of Enkhuizen hanged
  • Jul 9 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • Jul 18 Willem of Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
  • Jul 19 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • Jul 23 William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • Aug 22 Failed assassination on Gaspard de Coligny, a French nobleman and admiral, a Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion (killed 2 days later)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces

  • Oct 2 Spanish army occupies, plunders and destroys Mechelen
  • Oct 5 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • Oct 18 Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • Nov 6 Supernova is observed in constellation known as Cassiopeia
  • Nov 11 Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege of Haarlem
  • Nov 16 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands
  • Dec 11 Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • Dec 13 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey
  • Dec 17 Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 4 William Strachey, English writer (early history of the English colonisation of North America), born in Saffron Walden, Essex (d. 1621)
  • Apr 14 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1632)

Person of interestBen Jonson

Jun 11 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet (Volpone, Alchemist), born in London (d. 1637)

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • Nov 8 John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (1618-19), born in Halle, Germany (d. 1619)
  • Nov 13 Cyril Lucaris, Greek theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople, born in Heraklion, Greece (d. 1638)
  • Dec 31 Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (d. 1617)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 18 Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) marries Margaret of Valois in Notre Dame cathedral, Paris, in attempt to make truce between Catholics and Protestants but prompts St. Bartholomew's Day massacre days later

Deaths in History

  • Feb 28 Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
  • Mar 2 Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • Mar 27 Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)
  • May 1 Pius V [Antonio Ghislieri], Italian Pope (1566-72) who excommunicated Elizabeth I of England and arranged the formation of the Holy League (Battle of Lepanto), dies at 68
  • Jun 2 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, executed at 36
  • Jun 9 Jeanne d'Albret, queen of Navarra, dies at 44
  • Jun 24 Adrianus van Gouda, lay brother, hanged
  • Jun 24 Cornelis van Diest, lay brother, hanged
  • Jun 24 Daniel van Arendonck, clergyman, hanged
  • Jun 24 Joannes van Naarden, priest, hanged
  • Jun 24 Ludovicus Voets, priest, hanged
  • Jul 7 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • Jul 25 Isaac Luria, Jewish mystic (considered the founder of Kabbalah), dies at around 38 years of age
  • Aug 20 Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502)
  • Aug 22 Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland (b. 1528)
  • Aug 24 Gaspard de Châtillon, Count the Coligny, French admiral and Huguenot leader, who death ignited the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, beheaded at 53
  • Aug 24 Pierre de la Ramée, French humanist (b. 1515)
  • Aug 24 Charles de Téligny, French Huguenot soldier, one of the 1st murdered during St. Bartholomew's day massacre, dies at about 37
  • Aug 26 Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
  • Sep 5 Pieter Tichelmann, Flemish Franciscan, dies at about 71
  • Sep 30 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, dies at 61
  • Oct 24 Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English nobleman under Henry VIII and Elizabeth I, dies at about 62 or 63
  • Nov 23 Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
  • Nov 24 John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
  • Dec 10 Cornelis Musius, Dutch humanist/poet, murdered at 72
  • Dec 30 Galeazzo Alessi, Italian architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), dies at 60