On This Day

1574 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 29 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • Feb 9 Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht
  • Feb 18 Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
  • Feb 19 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • Feb 21 Spanish garrison of Middelburg, Netherlands, surrenders
  • Feb 23 France begins 5th "holy war" against Huguenots
  • Apr 14 Battle of Mookerhei - D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Henry III follows brother Charles IX as king of France

  • May 30 Sea battle at Lillo Belgium (Adolf Van Haemstede vs Louis de Boisot)
  • Jun 18 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • Aug 30 Ram Das becomes the 4th Sikh Guru
  • Sep 13 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • Oct 1 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • Oct 3 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen and the forces of Admiral Boisot
  • Oct 28 Prince Willem of Orange installs university
  • Nov 22 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Robert Fludd, British physician, author, and mystical philosopher, baptized in Bearsted, Kent, England (d. 1637)
  • Jan 23 Lucas Franchoys the Elder, Belgian painter, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1643)
  • Mar 5 William Oughtred, England, mathematician/inventor (slide rule)
  • May 6 Innocent X [Giambattista Pamfili], 236th Pope (1644-55), born in Rome (d. 1655)
  • Jul 1 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England (d. 1656)
  • Aug 7 Robert Dudley, English explorer and writer (Arcano del Mare), born in Richmond Palace, Surrey (d. 1649)
  • Sep 16 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician and playwright (Polyxena), born in Amsterdam (d. 1665)
  • Sep 18 Claudio Achillini, Italian lawyer and poet, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1640)
  • Dec 8 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Munich, Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • Dec 12 Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England, born in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark (d. 1619)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 30 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
  • Mar 5 Philip of Saint-Aldegonde, Flem viceroy Holland/Zealand/Utrecht, dies
  • Apr 14 Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle
  • Apr 14 Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
  • Apr 14 Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
  • Apr 17 Joachim Camerarius [Liebhard Kammerer], German classical scholar, dies at 74
  • Apr 21 Cosimo de Medici, Italian duke of Toscane, dies at about 54
  • May 14 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru, dies at 95
  • Jun 27 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and art historian (Vasari's Lives), dies at 62
  • Sep 17 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, dies at 55
  • Oct 1 Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (Christ), dies at 76
  • Nov 28 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, dies at 72

Person of interestSelim II

Dec 13 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), dies of head injury after a fall at 50

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • Dec 26 Charles Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims, dies at 50