On This Day

1577 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 6 King Henri de Bourbon of Navarra becomes leader of the Huguenots
  • Feb 12 Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • Jul 24 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • Jul 24 Treason of Don Juan in Brussels
  • Aug 17 Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • Nov 23 Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enters Amsterdam
  • Dec 13 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world
  • Dec 16 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 6 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1599)
  • Feb 8 Robert Burton, British writer and Anglican clergyman (The Anatomy of Melancholy), born in Lindley, Leicestershire, England (d. 1640)
  • Mar 26 Elisabeth of Nassau, Daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1642)
  • Apr 12 Christian IV of Denmark, King of Denmark and Norway (1588-1648), born in Frederiksborg Palace, Denmark (d. 1648)
  • May 1 François de Kinschot, Dutch jurist and chancellor of Brabant, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1654)
  • May 28 Floris II van Pallandt, Dutch earl of Culemborg and politician, born in Culemborg, Kasteel Culemborg, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • Jun 12 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), born in Mels, Switzerland (d. 1643)
  • Jun 28 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision), born in Siegen (d. 1640)
  • Jul 9 Thomas West, 3rd & 12th Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist and Governor of Virginia, born in Wherwell, Hampshire, England (d. 1618)
  • Sep 16 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1640)
  • Oct 1 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint, born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1622)
  • Oct 7 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
  • Oct 17 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith)
  • Nov 10 Jacob Cats [Father Cats], Dutch grand pensionary and poet (Houwelyck), born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1660)

Person of interestPiet Heyn

Nov 25 Piet Heyn, Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, born in Delft (d. 1629)

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn

Deaths in History

  • Feb 26 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), dies of arsenic poisoning at 43
  • May 8 Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus, lawyer/President (Raad van State), dies
  • Aug 12 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)
  • Oct 7 George Gascoigne, English poet
  • Nov 19 Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • Nov 29 Cuthbert Mayne, English catholic saint, executed for high treason by being hung, drawn and quartered (b. 1543)
  • Dec 18 Anna, duchess of Saxon/wife of prince Willem of Orange, dies at 32