On This Day

1578 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 31 Battle of Gembloux (Gembloers); Spanish forces win decisive victor over coalition rebel forces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Tycho Brahe first sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Queen Elizabeth I of England gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Apr 27 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • May 31 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada. Eventually mines fools gold, famously used to pave the streets of London.
  • Jun 11 England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize North America
  • Jul 2 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island
  • Aug 2 Battle of Rijmenam: Spanish Habsburg forces defeated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years' War)
  • Aug 4 Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • Aug 13 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands
  • Oct 10 Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 28 Cornelis Haga, Dutch lawyer/ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39)
  • Mar 2 George Sandys, English colonist and poet (d. 1644)
  • Mar 17 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Mary's Ascension)
  • Mar 18 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized
  • Apr 1 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • Apr 14 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1621)
  • May 16 Everard Digby, English conspirator (d. 1606)

Person of interestFerdinand II

Jul 9 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1637)

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Jul 31 Catharina Belgica of Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange
  • Aug 5 Charles d'Albert, duc of Luynes, French courtier, favourite of Louis XIII and Constable of France, born in Longueville, France (d. 1621)
  • Aug 17 Francesco Albani, Italian painter (d. 1660)
  • Nov 1 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), born in Klin County, Moscow Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1642)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 5 Giovanni B Moroni, Italian portrait painter, dies
  • Mar 7 Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, niece of Henry VIII and whose son married Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 62
  • Mar 29 Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
  • Mar 29 Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
  • Mar 31 Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered
  • Apr 14 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • Apr 19 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)
  • Jul 4 Charles de Berlaymont, baron of Hierges, gov/viceroy of Names, dies
  • Aug 4 Sebastiaan, King of Portugal (1557-78), dies in battle at about 24
  • Aug 4 Thomas Stucley, English adventurer
  • Aug 11 Pedro Nunes [Nonius], Port mathematician/astronomer (nonius), dies
  • Oct 1 Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31