On This Day

1579 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 6 Artois, Hainault and Dowaai sign pro-Spanish Union of Arras
  • Jan 6 The Union of Atrecht is signed
  • Jan 7 England signs an offensive & defensive alliance with Netherland
  • Jan 23 Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
  • Jan 25 Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic
  • Mar 5 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • Mar 6 Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • Mar 23 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • Apr 11 Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • May 7 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • May 17 Artois, Henegouwen and French-Flanders sign Treaty, the Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • Jun 17 Anti-English uprising in Ireland

Historic ExpeditionFrancis Drake Lands in California

Jun 17 English navigator Francis Drake lands on the coast of California at Drakes Bay, names it "New Albion"
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1590 depiction of Francis Drake's landing in what he called New Albion, now northern California
1590 depiction of Francis Drake's landing in what he called New Albion, now northern California
  • Jul 8 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan
  • Jul 21 Mechelen surrenders to Duke of Parma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Francis Drake leaves San Francisco to cross Pacific Ocean

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • Jul 28 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • Jul 29 Antwerp request union with Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Francois of Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Sep 13 Breda forms Union of Utrecht

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologist/vicar
  • Jan 12 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist, (found boiling point temperature)
  • Feb 9 John Meursius, [van Meurs], Dutch historian
  • Apr 12 François de Bassompierre, marshal of France, born in Haroué, France (d. 1646)
  • Jul 13 Arthur Dee, English physician, born in Mortlake, London (d. 1651)
  • Aug 1 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), born in Écija, Seville, Spain (d. 1644)
  • Aug 18 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I of Orange
  • Nov 11 Frans Snyders, Flemish painter of animals, born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1657)
  • Dec 9 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), born in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru (d. 1639)
  • Dec 20 John Fletcher, Jacobean playwright, born in Rye, United Kingdom

Deaths in History

  • Feb 20 Nicholas Bacon, English politician (b. 1509)
  • Jun 25 Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • Jun 30 Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
  • Aug 5 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • Oct 24 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
  • Nov 15 Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian religious reformer (b. 1510)
  • Nov 21 Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
  • Dec 21 Vicente Masip, Spanish painter