On This Day

1580 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain
  • Mar 17 Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam
  • Apr 11 Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
  • Jun 15 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • Jun 17 Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • Jun 18 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • Jun 25 Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • Jun 27 Duke of Alva's army occupies Portugal
  • Jul 12 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published
  • Aug 25 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal
  • Sep 19 Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou/Dutch States-General)
  • Sep 26 Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind
  • Nov 9 Spanish troops land in Ireland
  • Nov 26 French Huguenots & Roman Catholics sign peace treaty

Birthdays in History

Person of interestJohn Smith

Jan 6 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1631)

Explorer John Smith
John Smith
  • Jan 12 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
  • Apr 18 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), born in London (d. 1627)
  • Jun 6 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, the crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him, born in Herk-de-Stad, Belgium (d. 1667)
  • Jun 9 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • Aug 19 Pierre Vernier, Ornans, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements
  • Aug 24 John Taylor, English poet (An Arrant Thief), born in Gloucester, England (d. 1654)
  • Sep 14 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish poet and writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1645)
  • Sep 15 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1659)
  • Sep 17 Charlotte Brabantia, countess of Nassau and daughter of Willem of Orange, born in Antwerp (d. 1631)
  • Dec 1 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
  • Dec 4 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer, born in East Sutton, Kent, England (d. 1626)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 31 Henry, King of Portugal, Cardinal, Epilepticus and Regent. Reigned 1578-80 (b. 1512)
  • Feb 2 Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)
  • Feb 15 Cunerus Petri, Dutch theologist/bishop of Leeuwarden, dies
  • Mar 3 Jacob Hillebrand, Dutch mayor of Groningen, dies
  • May 27 Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum, dies
  • Jun 10 Luis Vaz de Camoes, Portugal's national poet (Os Lusiados), dies
  • Jun 15 Nicolaas van Nieuwland, corrupt 1st bishop of Haarlem, dies at 70
  • Jun 18 Juliana van Stolberg, Engraver of Nassau, dies
  • Jul 25 Baltazar Alvarez, Spanish jesuit/writer, dies at 47
  • Aug 1 Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
  • Aug 19 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), dies at 71
  • Aug 20 Jeronymo Osorio, Portuguese historian (b. 1506)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Schenk van Toutenburg, last archbishop of Utrecht, dies
  • Aug 30 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherlands, dies
  • Oct 26 Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain, dies at 30
  • Oct 27 John Bonga, beggar, dies
  • Nov 3 Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • Nov 9 Gaspar Schetz, Dutch treasurer-general, dies at 67
  • Nov 21 Willem Van Hoorn, baron of Heze, governor of Brussels, executed
  • Dec 1 Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42
  • Dec 1 Giovanni Morone, Italian theologian/diplomat/cardinal, dies at 71