On This Day

1581 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 16 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • Mar 25 Portuguese Cortes calls Philip II king of Portugal
  • Apr 1 Portuguese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II


Apr 4 Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard Golden Hind at Deptford

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Apr 15 Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal
  • Jul 14 English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • Jul 24 States of Holland/Zealand recognized by Wiliam of Orange
  • Aug 2 Leiden University names Snellius math professor
  • Oct 15 Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris

Murder of InterestIvan the Terrible Kills His Son

Nov 16 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the latter's death three days later

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The painting
The painting "Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan" by Russian painter Ilya Repin
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich dies after being attacked by his father Ivan the Terrible three days earlier

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • Nov 29 Doornik (Tournai) surrenders to Duke of Parma

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh (claimed world began 4004 BC).
  • Feb 17 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic Cardinal. private secretary to Pope Urban, born in Usigni (d. 1653)
  • Mar 16 Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)
  • Apr 24 Vincent de Paul, French Roman Catholic Saint, born in Pouy, Gascony, France (d. 1660)
  • May 6 Frans Francken the Younger, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1642)
  • Jun 18 Thomas Overbury, English poet (A Wife) and essayist, born in Compton Scorpion, Warwickshire, England (d. 1613)
  • Oct 9 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1638)
  • Oct 21 Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (d. 1641)
  • Dec 9 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, 6th and youngest daughter of Willem of Orange, born in Antwerp (d. 1657)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 22 Joost de Damhoudere, Flemish lawyer (Praxis rerum criminalium), dies at 73
  • Jan 22 Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman, soldier and politician, dies at 52
  • Apr 3 Huibert Duifhuis, Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam/Utrecht), dies
  • Jun 2 James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • Jul 11 Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero
  • Jul 23 Georges Lalaing, viceroy of Friesland, dies
  • Aug 21 Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai (b. 1527)
  • Sep 1 Guru Ram Das, 4th Sikh Guru (1574-81), dies at 46
  • Sep 30 Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • Oct 23 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 52
  • Nov 7 Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • Dec 1 Ralph Sherwin, English Catholic saint (b. 1550)
  • Dec 1 Alexander Briant, English saint (b. around 1556)