On This Day

1582 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 15 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • Feb 19 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou gains the title Duke of Brabant, the hereditary sovereign of the Dutch United Provinces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 24 Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar

  • Mar 18 Prince William of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
  • Apr 3 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou honored as Duke of Gelre, Earl of Zutphen
  • Apr 16 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta in Argentina
  • Jun 20 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • Jun 21 Honnō-ji Incident: assassination of Oda Nobunaga by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide in Kyoto, Japan
  • Jul 2 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide
  • Jul 22 Willem of Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 King James VI of Scotland captured

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • Aug 23 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou pays tribute to earl of Flanders
  • Oct 4 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 10 days are skipped and the next date is Oct 15.
  • Oct 15 Gregorian calendar introduced in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states, after skipping 10 days after Oct 4 to sync the calendar
  • Dec 10 France begins use of Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 14 Zealand, Brabant Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25
  • Dec 15 Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens professor of botany and medicine
  • Dec 15 Spanish Netherlands, Denmark and Norway adopt the Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 21 Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583
  • Dec 25 Zealand and Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 28 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1621)
  • Apr 8 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, born in Cranbrook (d. 1650)
  • May 28 William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman, born in Broughton Castle, Banbury, Oxfordshire (d. 1662)
  • Aug 28 Taichang Emperor [Zhu Changluo], 14th Emperor of the Ming dynasty of China, born in Beijing (d. 1620)
  • Oct 17 Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
  • Oct 19 Dmitry Ivanovich [Dmitry of Uglich], Russian Tsarevich and son of Ivan IV "the Terrible" (d. 1591)
  • Oct 21 Johan Ernst earl of Nassau-Siegen, military/son of Johan VII
  • Nov 27 Pierre Dupuy, French historian and scholar, born in Agen, France (d. 1651)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 28 Playwright and poet William Shakespeare (18) marries Anne Hathaway (26) (date of the marriage license)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 18 Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William's guards
  • May 5 Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies
  • Jun 21 Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • Jun 23 Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
  • Jul 2 Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
  • Sep 28 George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • Oct 4 Theresia van Avila, Spanish mystic writer, dies
  • Dec 11 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish noble and diplomat (governor of the Netherlands (1567–1573)), dies at about 75