On This Day

1583 in History

Events in History


Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Jan 12 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • Feb 21 Groningen, Netherlands, begins using Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 18 Dutch States General & Anjou sign treaty
  • Jun 17 Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • Jun 18 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • Jul 17 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • Aug 5 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
  • Nov 15 Gelders Earl Willem of the Bergh flees
  • Nov 20 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1643)
  • Feb 2 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess
  • Feb 17 Johann Henry Alting, German theologian, born in Emden, Saxony (d. 1644)
  • Feb 23 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • Mar 3 Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher
  • Apr 10 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist, father of international law, born in Delft, Holland (d. 1645)
  • Jun 16 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent
  • Jun 20 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), born in Reval (Tallinn), Swedish Estonia (d. 1652)

Person of interestAlbrecht von Wallenstein

Sep 24 Albrecht von Wallenstein, Bohemian-German general and statesman (Thirty Years' War), born in Heřmanice, Kingdom of Bohemia in the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1634)

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • Sep 29 Johan VIII, the Younger, count of Nassau-Siegen/field marshal
  • Nov 24 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 12 William of Orange marries Louise de Coligny

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • Feb 18 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
  • Mar 4 Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, "Apostle of the North" (b. 1517)
  • Mar 6 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), dies at 48
  • Mar 18 King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • Jun 6 Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
  • Jun 9 Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • Jul 6 Edmund Grindal, English bishop of London/archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • Sep 16 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, dies at 56
  • Oct 30 Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83
  • Nov 24 René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
  • Dec 31 Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologist, dies at 59