On This Day

1583 in History

Events in History


Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • Jan 12 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • Feb 21 Groningen, Netherlands, begins using Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 18 Dutch States General & Anjou sign treaty
  • Jun 17 Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • Jun 18 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • Jun 28 Duke Frans de Valois returns to France
  • Jul 17 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • Aug 5 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
  • Nov 15 Gelders Earl Willem of the Bergh flees
  • Nov 20 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1643)
  • Feb 2 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess
  • Feb 17 J Henry Alting, Dutch theologist
  • Feb 23 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • Mar 3 Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher
  • Apr 10 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist, father of international law, born in Delft, Holland (d. 1645)
  • Jun 16 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent
  • Jun 20 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), born in Reval (Tallinn), Swedish Estonia (d. 1652)
  • Sep 24 Albrecht von Wallenstein, German general and nobleman, born in Heřmanice, Kingdom of Bohemia in the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1634)
  • Sep 29 Johan VIII, the Younger, count of Nassau-Siegen/field marshall
  • Nov 24 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 12 William of Orange marries Louise de Coligny

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • Feb 18 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
  • Mar 4 Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, "Apostle of the North" (b. 1517)
  • Mar 6 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), dies at 48
  • Mar 18 King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • Jun 6 Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
  • Jun 9 Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • Jul 6 Edmund Grindal, English bishop of London/archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • Sep 16 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, dies at 56
  • Oct 30 Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83
  • Nov 24 René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
  • Dec 31 Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologist, dies at 59