On This Day

1584 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia & Holy Roman empire

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 17 Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Jan 22 Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812)

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 25 English explorer Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
  • Apr 7 Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma
  • May 16 7 Westfriese towns divide monasteries of Egmond, Blokker and St Pietersdal
  • May 30 Earl Adolf of Nieuwenaar and Meurs becomes viceroy of Gelderland
  • Jul 10 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • Sep 15 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • Sep 17 Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • Nov 10 Willem Louis of Nassau appointed viceroy of Friesland
  • Nov 23 English parliament expels Jesuits

Birthdays in History

Person of interestFrederick Henry

Jan 29 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel (1625-47), born in Delft, Dutch Republic (d. 1647)

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Feb 12 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring)
  • Mar 29 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general, born in Yorkshire (d. 1648)
  • Apr 13 Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria, born in Munich (d. 1666)
  • Aug 13 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician, born in Saffron Waldon, Essex, England (d. 1640)
  • Sep 11 Thomas Erpenius [van Erpe], Dutch orientalist and Arabist (grammar), born in Gorinchem, Netherlands (d. 1624)
  • Sep 16 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo and Duke of Lucerna, born in Trento, Italy (d. 1647)
  • Nov 18 Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1669)
  • Dec 4 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony, born in Derby, Derbyshire, Kingdom of England (d. 1652)
  • Dec 16 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar, born in Salvington, Sussex, England (d. 1654)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter (Strasbourg astronomical clock), dies at 44
  • Jan 30 Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
  • Jan 30 Pieter Jansz Pourbus, Flemish painter, dies
  • Mar 10 Thomas Norton, English politician and writer (b. 1532)

Person of interestIvan the Terrible

Mar 28 Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53 [O.S. 18 Mar]

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • May 18 Ikeda Motosuke, Japanese samurai commander, dies at 48
  • Jun 10 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou, French crown prince, suitor to English Queen Elizabeth I, dies at 29
  • Jun 19 François, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)
  • Jul 10 William I "the Silent" [William of Orange], Earl of Nassau, assassinated at 51 in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard
  • Jul 12 Steven Borough, English explorer, dies at 58
  • Jul 23 John Day, English printer (b. 1522)
  • Aug 4 John van Hembyze, Flemish Calvinist, dies at 71
  • Aug 22 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • Nov 3 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-84), dies at 46