On This Day

1585 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • Mar 3 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • Apr 5 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • May 19 Spain confiscates English ships
  • Jun 23 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • Jul 7 King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Jul 25 Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • Jul 29 University of Franeker/ University of Friesland opens in the Netherlands


Aug 8 Pope Sixtus excommunicates Henry of Navarre (Henry IV)

  • Aug 8 John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage
  • Aug 10 English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Netherlands
  • Aug 14 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands
  • Aug 17 Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Duke of Parma
  • Aug 27 Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp
  • Dec 20 English fleet & Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, reach Vlissingen

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, Savoyard grammarian, born in Meximieux, Duchy of Savoy (d. 1650)
  • Jan 27 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
  • Feb 12 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • Mar 5 Johann Georg I, elector of Saxon (1611-56) (Peace of Prague)
  • Mar 13 Federico Cesi, Italian naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1630)
  • Mar 16 Gerbrant A Bredero, Holland, poet/playwright (Klucht van de Koe)
  • Sep 9 Armand Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu, premier of France (1624-42), born in Paris (d. 1642)
  • Oct 4 Anna of Tyrol, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia (1611-18), born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1618)
  • Oct 28 Cornelius Jansen, French Roman Catholic reform leader (Jansenism), born in Acquoy, County of Holland, Dutch Republic (d. 1638)
  • Nov 1 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • Dec 13 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, born in Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1649)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 16 Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  • Feb 6 Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)
  • Feb 13 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, dies at 69
  • Mar 10 Rembert Dodoens [Rembert Van Joenckema], Flemish physician and botanist, dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Caspar de Robles, Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57

Person of interestGregory XIII

Apr 10 Gregory XIII [Ugo Boncompagni], Italian pope (1572-85) who introduced the Gregorian (New Style) calendar in 1582, dies at 83

  • May 15 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1535)
  • Jun 4 Marc Antoine de Muret, French humanist, dies at 59
  • Jun 20 Christianus Adrichomius, Dutch Catholic priest and writer (Vita Jesu Christi), dies at 52
  • Jul 6 Thomas Aufield, English Catholic martyr (b. 1552)
  • Oct 6 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, dies at 57
  • Dec 4 John Willock, Scottish reformer