On This Day

1587 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 29 Deventer and Zutphen surrender to Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I

ScotlandExecution of Mary Queen of Scots

Feb 8 Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle aged 44 after being convicted of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I in the Babington Plot
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Depiction of the execution on Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire
Depiction of the execution on Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire
  • Mar 1 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
  • Apr 29 Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet ("singeing the King of Spain's beard")
  • Jul 22 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off North Carolina
  • Aug 5 Spanish troops conquer Lock
  • Aug 18 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • Oct 20 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • Oct 31 Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • Nov 24 Battle at Auneau: Henri de Guise wins
  • Nov 27 Dutch county of Groningen flooded by failure of dyke
  • Dec 17 The Earl of Leicester's army leaves Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer, born in Jiangsu, China (d. 1641)
  • Jan 6 Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Premier of Spain (1621-43), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1645)
  • Jan 8 Johannes Fabricius, Danish astronomer (discovered sunspots), born in East Frisia, Germany (d. 1616)
  • Jan 16 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter known for his still-lifes of fish and game pieces, born in Antwerp (d. 1661)
  • May 8 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1630-37), born in Turin, Piedmont, Savoy (d. 1637)
  • Aug 18 1st English child born in New World (Virginia Dare)
  • Nov 16 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet and dramatist (Jephtha), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1679)
  • Dec 25 Margarita of Austria, queen of Philip III of Spain (d. 1611)

Deaths in History


BattleMary, Queen of Scots

Feb 8 Mary, Queen of Scots [Mary Stuart] (1560-87), beheaded at 44

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • Mar 30 Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
  • Apr 8 John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
  • Apr 18 John Foxe, English historian (Book of Martyrs), dies
  • May 18 Felix van Cantalice, Italian saint, dies at 72
  • Jul 6 Michael Lauterbeck, assassinated Fries viceroy Willem Louis, executed
  • Aug 14 Gugliemo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat (1550-87), dies at 49
  • Oct 19 Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)