On This Day

1590 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 26 Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
  • Mar 4 Mauritius of Nassau's ship reaches Breda
  • Mar 6 Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Nassau captures heavily protected city of Breda using a small assault force hidden in a peat barge

Victory in BattleBattle of Ivry

Mar 14 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion
Learn More >>

King Henry IV of France at the Battle of Ivry
King Henry IV of France at the Battle of Ivry
  • Apr 2 States-General appoints earl Mauritius, viceroy of Utrecht
  • May 17 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 English admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • Jul 19 King Philip II's secretary Antonio Perez escapes jail
  • Aug 14 Publication of Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" is recorded by Stationers' Company of London.
  • Aug 17 Governor of Roanoke Island colony, John White, returns from England to find no trace of the colonists he had left there 3 years earlier [or Aug 18, 1591]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris

  • Sep 15 Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • Sep 27 Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
  • Dec 5 Niccolo Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 18 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • Apr 18 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • May 12 Cosimo II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621)
  • Jun 24 Samuel Ampzing, Dutch poet (Taelbericht der Neth Spellinge), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1632)
  • Jul 13 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), born in Rome (d. 1676)
  • Aug 19 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier, born in Stratford-atte-Bow, Middlesex (d. 1649)
  • Nov 4 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1656)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Jacob Andreae, German theologist (Formulae Concordiae), dies at 61
  • Feb 1 Lawrence Humphrey, English clergyman and educator
  • Feb 12 Francois Hotman/Hotomanus, French lawyer and diplomat (Anti-Tribonien), dies at 65
  • Mar 14 Philip van Egmont, general/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at Ivry at 30
  • Apr 6 Francis Walsingham, English secretary of state, dies at about 57
  • May 9 Karel "Cardinal" van Bourbon, archbishop of Rouen, dies at 66
  • Jul 10 Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
  • Jul 16 Bartholomaeus of Braga [Fernandez], Dominican theologian and Archbishop Emeritus of Braga, dies at 76
  • Aug 27 Pope Sixtus V [Felice Piergentile], Pope of the Catholic Church (1585-90), dies at 68
  • Aug 31 Floris Thin, politician/land advocate of Utrecht, dies
  • Sep 27 Urban VII, [Giambattista Castagna], Italian Pope (1590), dies
  • Oct 4 Cujacius, [Jacques Cujas], French lawyer, dies at about 68
  • Oct 12 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • Oct 29 Dirck Volkertsz Coornhert, theologist/philosopher, dies at about 68
  • Nov 8 Joost Jansz Bilhamer, master builder/cartographer, dies at about 49
  • Nov 18 George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
  • Nov 28 Pierre de Loyseleur de Villiers, S Neth theologist, dies at about 60
  • Nov 29 Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (b. 1547)
  • Dec 20 Ambroise ParĂ©, French physician (b. 1510)
  • Dec 27 Emmanuel Philibert of Lalaing, Baron of Montigny and Marquis of Renty, dies at 33