On This Day

1591 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian burned for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh by order King James VI. Part of the Berwick witch trials.

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • Feb 3 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • Mar 13 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • Apr 19 Chartres surrenders to King Henry IV in France
  • May 30 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrender to Dutch and English forces under Maurice of Nassau
  • Jun 20 Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • Aug 19 French King Henry IV occupies Rouen
  • Sep 9 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • Sep 21 French bishops recognize Henry IV as King of France
  • Oct 21 Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau
  • Oct 29 Giovanni A Facchinetti elected as Pope Innocentius IX
  • Nov 12 Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • Jan 12 José Ribera/Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and printmaker, nicknamed Lo Spagnoletto (d. 1652)
  • Feb 25 Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)
  • Mar 15 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • Aug 24 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may'), baptized in London (d. 1674)
  • Sep 8 Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, French abbess (Port-Royal de Paris), born in Paris (d. 1661)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Edmond Auger, French jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • Feb 5 Gerard de Jode, Flemish publisher and cartographer, dies at about 82
  • May 15 Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8
  • May 17 Jost Amman, Swiss cartoonist, graphic artist and illustrator, dies at 51
  • Jun 21 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and Jesuit saint, dies at 23
  • Aug 23 Luis de Leon, Spanish scholar and poet, dies at 64
  • Sep 12 Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • Oct 16 Gregory XIV [Niccolo Sfondrati], Italian Pope, dies at 56
  • Nov 20 Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • Dec 14 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite friar, poet and saint, dies at 49
  • Dec 30 Pope Innocent IX [Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti], 230th Catholic pope (1591), dies at 72