On This Day

1595 in History

Events in History

BattleDeclaration of War

Jan 17 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 29 William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet" is thought to have been first performed. Officially published early 1597.

  • Apr 2 Cornelis de Houtman's ships depart to Asia through Cape of Good Hope
  • May 2 King Philip II names Albrecht of Austria land guardian of Netherlands
  • May 24 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • Jul 21 Spanish explorer Álvaro de Mendaña is the first European to discover the Marquesas Island in Eastern Polynesia
  • Aug 23 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • Sep 17 Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henry IV as King of France
  • Oct 9 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • Oct 28 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1650)
  • Feb 2 Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (New Church, Amsterdam)
  • Feb 24 Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • May 27 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer (d. 1666)
  • Jun 9 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • Jul 31 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1654)
  • Oct 2 Jacob Louys, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp (d. 1668)
  • Oct 18 Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)
  • Dec 4 Jean Chapelain, French writer and poet (La Pucelle), born in Paris (d. 1674)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 15 Willem I's daughter of Elisabeth of Nassau marries duke Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne of Broth

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Ercole Procaccini, Italian painter, dies
  • Jan 15 Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • Jan 16 Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies at 48
  • Jan 24 Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria, Governor of Bohemia, dies at 65
  • Feb 12 Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
  • Feb 20 Ernst, archduke of Austria, dies at 41
  • Feb 21 Robert Southwell, English Jesuit/poet, hanged
  • Mar 4 Robert Southwell, English poet, hanged for becoming a Catholic priest
  • Apr 25 Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (Gerusalemme liberata), dies at 51
  • May 25 Valens Acidalius, German critic and poet (b. 1567)
  • May 26 Philippus Nerius [Filippo Neri], Italian merchant/saint, dies at 79
  • Aug 24 Thomas Digges, English astronomer (Universe Infinite), dies
  • Aug 26 Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • Oct 15 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East iIndies poet, dies at 48
  • Nov 8 Peter Opmeer, church historian and humanist (Historia Martyrum), dies at 69
  • Nov 12 John Hawkins, English navigator/treasurer of the Navy, dies at 63
  • Nov 29 Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet, dies at 61
  • Dec 10 Reynier Cant, mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 59