On This Day

1596 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 31 Catholic League disbanded
  • Apr 17 Archduke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais
  • Apr 24 Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • May 18 Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya
  • May 26 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • Jun 22 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java
  • Jun 30 English and Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • Jul 5 English fleet under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, captures Cadiz
  • Jul 17 At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya
  • Aug 3 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • Aug 9 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • Sep 5 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java
  • Sep 7 Dutch fleet bombards Banten, Java
  • Sep 20 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.

Execution26 Martyrs of Japan Executed

Oct 19 Spanish galleon San Felipe is shipwrecked in Urado on the Japanese island of Shikoku en route from Manila to Acapulco. Incident leads to the crucifixion of 26 Christians who become known as the Twenty-Six Martyrs of Japan.

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A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
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  • Oct 24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • Oct 25 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • Oct 31 English, French & Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Triple Covenant"
  • Nov 29 King Philip II devalues Spanish currency
  • Dec 22 Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 13 Jan van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, born in Leiden (d. 1656)
  • Mar 11 Isaac Elsevier, book publisher

Person of interestRené Descartes

Mar 31 René Descartes, French philosopher (he thought, therefore he was), born in Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1650)

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • May 9 Abraham van Diepenbeeck, Dutch painter, baptized in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1675)
  • Jun 23 Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
  • Jun 29 Emperor Go-Mizunoo, 108th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1680)
  • Jul 22 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1645)
  • Aug 16 Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, born in Deinschwang, near Amberg, Upper Palatinate (d. 1632)
  • Aug 18 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer and historian (Acta Sanctorum), born in Tirlemont, Netherlands (d. 1665)
  • Aug 19 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress of the Palatinate, "The Winter Queen" of Bohemia and daughter of James VI and I of England and Scotland, born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Kingdom of Scotland (d. 1662)
  • Aug 26 Frederik V, king of Bohemia (White Mountain)
  • Sep 4 Constantijn Huygens, Dutch diplomat and poet, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1687)
  • Sep 23 Joan Blaeu, cartographer/publisher
  • Sep 28 Vredius [Olivier de Wree], Flemish historian and mayor of Brugge, born in Brugge, Belgium (d. 1652)
  • Dec 21 Petro Mohyla, Moldovan Orthodox Metropolitan Bishop of Kiev and Galicia (d. 1646)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 John Ligarius, German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66

Person of interestFrancis Drake

Jan 28 Francis Drake, English pirate, Admiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies of dysentery at 50

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • Feb 17 Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
  • Feb 19 Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer, dies at 72
  • Mar 23 Henry Unton, English diplomat
  • May 27 Tibaldi II, Italian painter/sculptor/architect, dies
  • Jul 29 Jacobus Latomus, Flemish poet (Psalms/Jeremias) dies at about 84
  • Aug 11 Hamnet Shakespeare, son of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
  • Sep 9 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • Sep 13 Pieter D Keyzer/Keyser, astronomer/navigator (Java)
  • Sep 15 Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • Oct 3 Florent Chrestien, French writer (b. 1541)
  • Nov 1 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (Les Libertés de l’église gallicane), dies at 57
  • Nov 10 Peter Wentworth, English Puritan politician (b. 1530)
  • Dec 8 Luis de Carabajal, 1st Jewish author in America, executed in Mexico