On This Day

1597 in History

Events in History

Execution26 Martyrs of Japan Executed

Feb 5 A group of early Japanese Christians, known as the 26 Martyrs, are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society

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A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
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  • Feb 24 Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • Mar 11 Archduke Albrecht occupies Amiens, France
  • Mar 12 England sends troops to Amiens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 23 William Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance

Playwright William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Jun 14 At 4:30 AM Willem Barents leaves Novaya Zemlya for Netherlands
  • Jun 24 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet reaches Bantam, West Java
  • Aug 11 Germany throws out English sales people
  • Aug 14 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • Aug 20 1st Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East
  • Sep 16 French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 25 Amiens surrenders to French King Henry IV

  • Oct 9 Eighty Years War: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange with English support captures Breevoort, Netherlands from the Spanish

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 François Duquesnoy, French sculptor (d. 1643)
  • Jan 31 John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
  • Feb 24 Vincent Voiture, French poet (d. 1648)
  • Mar 1 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • Apr 9 John Davenport, Puritan clergyman and cofounder of the New Haven Colony, born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1670)
  • Jun 9 Pieter Jansz Saenredam, Dutch architecture painter, born in Assendelft
  • Jul 31 Sebastian Stosskopf, Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • Aug 21 Roger Twysden, English antiquarian and royalist, born in East Peckham, Kent, England (d. 1672)
  • Nov 19 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Bavaria (d. 1660)
  • Dec 23 Martin Opitz, German poet "Father of Modern German Poetry", born in Bunzlau, Silesia (d. 1639)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 27 Astronomer Johannes Kepler marries widow Barbara Müller

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • Nov 7 Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Maharana Pratap, Rajput king of Mewar (1572-1597), dies of injuries sustained in a hunting accident at 56
  • Feb 2 Lucas van Valckenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 61
  • Feb 15 Pieter J Kies, Dutch mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
  • Mar 10 Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies
  • May 20 Dutch commander Matthijs Heldt, dies in battle
  • Jun 2 Diederik Sonoy, German/Neth governor of Northern quarter, dies at 67
  • Jun 9 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit and missionary to Brazil (founder of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) dies at 63
  • Jun 20 Willem Barentsz/Barents, Dutch navigator. Barents Sea named after him
  • Jul 20 Franciscus Raphelengius [French of Ravelingen], Neth publisher, dies
  • Oct 4 Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1550)
  • Oct 9 Ashikaga Yoshiaki, 15th Japanese shōgun, dies at 59
  • Nov 6 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), dies at 30
  • Dec 18 Barbara Blomberg, German mistress of emperor Karel, dies at 67
  • Dec 21 Saint Peter Canisius, Dutch Jesuit Catholic priest, dies at 76