On This Day

1599 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Jacob van Neck's fleet leaves Bantam, Java in modern day Indonesia with 1 million pounds of pepper and cloves and a further half a ship full of nutmeg, mace and cinnamon
  • Mar 27 Robert Devereux becomes lt-general of Ireland
  • Jul 19 Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java
  • Jul 23 Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings
  • Aug 15 Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass - Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
  • Sep 7 Earl of Essex & Irish rebel Tyrone signs treaty
  • Dec 25 The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Adrian van Utrecht, Flemish painter
  • Feb 13 Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi], Italian Pope (1655-67), born in Siena, Florence, Italy (d. 1667)
  • Mar 13 Johannes Berchmans, Dutch Jesuit and Roman Catholic saint, born in Diest, Seventeen Provinces (d. 1621)
  • Mar 22 Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish painter (Charles I of England), born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • Mar 28 Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer, born in Brielle, Netherlands (d. 1658)

Person of interestOliver Cromwell

Apr 25 Oliver Cromwell, Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58), born in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England (d. 1658)

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Jun 6 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), baptized in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1660)
  • Jun 12 Johan Wolfert van Brederode, Dutch governor (Hertogenbosch) and field marshal, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1655)
  • Aug 14 Méric Casaubon, French-English classical scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1671)
  • Sep 20 Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader, born in Gröningen, Germany (d. 1623)
  • Sep 25 Francesco Borromini, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bissone, Italy (d. 1667)
  • Oct 10 Jacob Aertsz Colom, Dutch publisher (Consolation of the Sea), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1673)
  • Oct 31 Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer, born in Houghton, England (d. 1680)
  • Nov 11 Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman and marshal, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1656)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 18 Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain

Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 Edmund Spenser, poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
  • Feb 8 Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
  • Apr 10 Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
  • Apr 14 Henry Wallop, English statesman
  • Apr 27 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, dies at 61
  • Sep 11 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
  • Sep 11 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide at 22
  • Nov 7 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)