On This Day

1600 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler meet for the first time near Prague

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • Feb 8 Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • Feb 17 Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged with heresy by the Roman Inquisition
  • Feb 19 Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history
  • Mar 20 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden
  • Apr 21 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • Jul 1 Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Netherlands
  • Jul 2 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Henry IV of France invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588

  • Sep 15 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • Oct 8 San Marino adopts constitution
  • Oct 16 Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
  • Oct 20 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • Dec 14 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • Dec 31 British East India Company chartered

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • Jan 17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, born in Madrid (d. 1681)
  • Jan 28 Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi], Italian Pope (238th: 1667-69), born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1669)
  • Feb 2 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
  • Sep 27 John Galle, Flemish engraver and printer, baptised (d. 1676)
  • Oct 1 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk, born in Delft, South Holland, The Netherlands (d. 1666)

Person of interestCharles I

Nov 19 Charles I, King of England (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (d. 1649)

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 19 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State & War), born in Dokkum, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1669)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Marriage of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici

Deaths in History

  • Feb 13 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), dies at 61
  • Feb 15 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • Feb 17 Giordano Bruno, Italian friar and scholar, advocate of Copernican theory, burned at the stake at 51 or 52
  • Aug 2 Arent van Dorp, Dutch governor of East-Zealand, dies at about 70
  • Sep 1 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • Sep 10 John Bruhesius [Bruhesen], bishop of Groningen, dies
  • Oct 12 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest (De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis), dies at 65
  • Oct 21 Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord (b. 1557)
  • Nov 3 Richard Hooker, English theologian (b. 1554)
  • Nov 8 Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
  • Nov 12 Andreas of Austrian, Land Guardian of Neth (1598-1600), dies at 42
  • Nov 17 Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
  • Dec 12 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies