On This Day

1605 in History

Events in History

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 13 Controversial play "Eastward Hoe" by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 16 The first edition of "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid

  • Feb 25 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • May 16 Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Paul V
  • Jun 10 False Dimitri I, an impostor, crowned Russian tsar (rules 1605-1606)
  • Aug 8 The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • Aug 18 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • Sep 27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • Oct 3 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • Oct 27 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King

Nov 5 Gunpowder Plot: Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament. Plot discovered, Guy Fawkes caught, tortured and later executed along with seven others. Celebrated ever since as Guy Fawkes Day, where his effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, accompanied by fireworks.

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Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.
Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.
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Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Portuguese rabbi, scholar and writer, born in Castro Daire, Portugal (d. 1693)
  • Apr 8 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, born in Brussels (d. 1655)
  • Apr 8 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65), born in Royal Palace of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain (d. 1665)
  • May 24 Nikon [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church, born in Veldemanovo, Russia (d. 1681)
  • Jul 29 Simon Dach, Prussian-German poet, born in Memel, East Prussia (d. 1659)
  • Aug 8 Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, British colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • Aug 18 Henry Hammond, English churchman, born in Chertsey, Surrey, England (d. 1660)
  • Sep 12 William Dugdale, English antiquarian and Garter King of Arms (1677-86), born in Shustoke, Warwickshire, England (d. 1686)
  • Sep 23 Daniel von Czepko, German poet
  • Sep 28 Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, born in Loudun, Vienne, France (d. 1694)
  • Oct 3 Li Tzu-ch'eng, Chinese revolutionary who dethroned last Ming emperor, born in Mizhi, Shaanxi province, China (d. 1645)
  • Oct 19 Thomas Browne, English philosopher and writer (Garden of Cyrus), born in London (d. 1682)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Clement VIII [Ippolito Aldofireini], Pope (1592-1605), dies at 69
  • Mar 17 Pieter Bast [Bastius], Dutch engraver/cartographer, dies at about 34
  • Apr 5 Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland (c.1513)
  • Apr 6 John Stow, English historian (Survey of London), dies
  • Apr 23 Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20
  • Apr 25 Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • Apr 27 Leo XI, Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
  • May 4 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, dies at 82
  • Sep 14 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • Sep 23 Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • Oct 13 Theodore Beza, French Reformed Protestant theologian, dies at 86

Person of interestAkbar

Oct 27 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), dies at 63

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • Nov 8 Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)