1605 in History

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Events in History


Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 6 The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 13 Controversial play "Eastward Hoe" by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • Jan 16 The first edition of Book One of "Don Quixote" is published in Spain
  • Feb 25 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • May 16 Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Paul V
  • Jun 10 False Dimitri I, an impostor, crowned Russian tsar (rules 1605-1606)
  • Aug 8 The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • Aug 18 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • Sep 27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • Oct 3 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • Oct 27 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Gunpowder Plot: Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament. Plot discovered, Guy Fawkes caught, tortured and later executed along with seven others. Celebrated ever since as Guy Fawkes Day, where his effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, accompanied by fireworks.

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Portuguese rabbi, scholar and writer, born in Castro Daire, Portugal (d. 1693)
  • Apr 8 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter
  • Apr 8 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65)
  • May 24 Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Jul 29 Simon Dach, Prussian German poet, born in Memel, East Prussia (d. 1659)
  • Aug 8 Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, British colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • Aug 18 Henry Hammond, English churchman, born in Chertsey, Surrey, England (d. 1660)
  • Sep 12 William Dugdale, English antiquarian and Garter King of Arms (1677-86), born in Shustoke, Warwickshire, England (d. 1686)
  • Sep 23 Daniel von Czepko, German poet
  • Sep 28 IsmaĆ«l Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
  • Oct 3 Li Tzu-ch'eng, Chinese revolutionary, dethroned last Ming emperor
  • Oct 19 Thomas Browne, English writer (Garden of Cyrus), born in London

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Clement VIII, [Ippolito Aldofireini], Pope (1592-1605), dies at 69
  • Mar 17 Pieter Bast, [Bastius], Dutch engraver/cartographer, dies at about 34
  • Apr 5 Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland (c.1513)
  • Apr 6 John Stow, English historian (Survey of London), dies
  • Apr 23 Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20
  • Apr 25 Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • Apr 27 Leo XI, [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
  • May 4 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, dies at 82
  • Sep 14 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • Sep 23 Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • Oct 13 Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)

Person of interestAkbar

Oct 27 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), dies at 63

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • Nov 8 Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)