On This Day

1606 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 26 First known European landing in Australia by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon at the Pennefather River, Cape York, northern Australia
  • Apr 12 England adopts the Union Flag, replaced in 1801 by current Union Flag, also known as the Union Jack
  • May 16 2,000 foreigners murdered in Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Possible first performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth, performed in the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace for King James I

Playwright William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • Oct 1 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • Nov 11 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • Dec 20 The English colonial expedition to America, consisting of the ships Discovery, Godspeed and Susan Constant, departs Blackwall, London to found Jamestown, Virginia
  • Dec 26 First known performance of William Shakespeare's tragedy "King Lear" before the court of King James I at Whitehall, London

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 10 Christine Marie of France, regent of Savoy (d. 1663)
  • Feb 12 John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
  • Mar 3 Edmund Waller, England, poet (Penshust)
  • May 6 Lorenzo Lippi [Perlone Zipoli], Italian poet and painter, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • May 23 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • May 25 Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary in New France, born in Paris (d. 1649)
  • Jun 6 Pierre Corneille, French poet and dramatist (El Cid, Horace), born in Rouen, France (d. 1684)
  • Jun 16 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (d. 1675)
  • Jun 19 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)

Person of interestRembrandt van Rijn

Jul 15 Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter (Night Watch), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1669)

  • Aug 18 Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress and Queen of Hungary, born in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1646)
  • Sep 22 Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)
  • Oct 14 Joan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78), born in Amsterdam (d. 1678)

Person of interestJeanne Mance

Nov 12 Jeanne Mance, French-Canadian settler who founded the first hospital in North America (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal), born in Langres, France (d. 1673)

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance
  • Nov 20 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat and historian (d. 1682)
  • Nov 22 Pieter de Jode II, Flemish engraver and publisher, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1674)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 28 Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer, pastor and vicar, dies at 85
  • Jan 30 Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)

BattleGuy Fawkes

Jan 31 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, hanged at 35

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • Mar 23 Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • Apr 3 Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • May 3 Henry Garnet, English Jesuit (executed) (b. 1555)
  • May 17 Forges Dimitri #1, Tsar of Russia (1605-06), murdered
  • Sep 2 Carel van Mander, Flemish painter/art historian, dies at 58
  • Oct 5 Philippe Desportes, French poet (b. 1546)
  • Oct 8 John VI the Elder, Count of Nassau, father of 24, dies at 69
  • Nov 12 St. Nicholas Owen (martyr), one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • Nov 13 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)