On This Day

1609 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 31 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • Mar 12 Bermuda becomes an English colony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company to find a passage to Asia

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • Apr 5 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
  • Apr 9 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact

Book releaseHistoric Publication

May 20 Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by publisher Thomas Thorpe

  • May 23 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place
  • Jun 17 Netherlands, England and France sign 12 year Covenant
  • Jul 6 Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
  • Jul 9 Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • Jul 10 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • Jul 20 Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
  • Jul 26 English mathematician Thomas Harriot is the first person to draw a map of the Moon by looking through a telescope
  • Jul 28 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Aug 25 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • Aug 28 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers and explores Delaware Bay
  • Sep 1 Pieter Both sworn in as 1st governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 4 Navigator Henry Hudson first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]
  • Sep 11 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • Oct 12 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
  • Dec 8 Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan opens its reading room, second public library in Europe

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 10 John Suckling, English Cavalier poet/dramatist/courtier
  • Feb 18 Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), born in Dinton, England (d. 1674)
  • Mar 18 Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70), born in Haderslev, Denmark (d. 1670)
  • Mar 22 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • May 16 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church and military commander during the Thirty Years' War, born in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1641)
  • Jul 28 Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, the Netherlands, baptism date (d. 1660)
  • Aug 6 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia, born in Wiveliscombe, Somerset (d. 1675)
  • Aug 29 Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi], Italian painter (Madonna), born in Sassoferrato, Marche, Italy (d. 1685)
  • Aug 30 Artus Quellinus, Flemish sculptor (Amsterdam townhall), born in Antwerp (d. 1668)
  • Oct 5 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • Oct 26 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • Nov 16 Henrietta Maria, French-born daughter of Henry IV of France and Queen Consort of England (d. 1669)
  • Nov 26 Henry Dunster, American clergyman and first President of Harvard College, born in Bolholt, Bury, Lancashire (d. 1659)
  • Dec 24 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician, born in Westminster, United Kingdom (d. 1683)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Joseph Justus Scaliger, French inventor of "Julian Period", dies at 68
  • Feb 7 Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies
  • Feb 17 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies at 59
  • Mar 25 Olaus Martini, Swedish Archbishop of Uppsala (b. 1557)
  • Apr 4 Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
  • May 26 Cornelis Claesz, mapmaker, buried
  • Jul 15 Annibale Carracci, Italian painter, dies at 48
  • Jul 20 Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
  • Aug 22 Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
  • Oct 19 Jacobus Arminius [Jacob Hermans], theologist, dies at about 49