On This Day

1610 in History

Events in History

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Jan 7 Galileo Galilei discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa & Ganymede

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Jan 8 Simon Marius. a German astronomer, independently discovers the first three moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses English House of Commons

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI


May 14 Henry IV of France is assassinated by fanatical Catholic François Ravaillac who stabs him to death in the streets of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Parliament of Paris appoints Louis XIII (8) as French King

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII
  • Jun 10 Thomas West, Baron de La Mar, is appointed governor of Virginia
  • Jun 10 1st Dutch settlers arrive (from NJ), to colonize Manhattan Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 19 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • Jul 4 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden
  • Jul 5 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Henry Hudson enters the bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • Aug 27 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 13 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • Feb 13 Jean de la Badie, French theologian, founder of Labadists, born in Bourg, Bordeaux, France (d. 1674)
  • Mar 1 Johann B. Schup [Schuppius], German poet and historian
  • Mar 1 John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • Mar 4 William Dobson, English portraitist and painter (d. 1646)
  • Mar 19 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • Apr 1 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • Apr 22 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1691)
  • May 18 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • Jun 3 Jacob Neefs, Flemish engraver/publisher, baptised
  • Jul 4 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder, Dutch-Swiss vice-admiral, born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1666)
  • Jul 4 Paul Scarron, French writer (Virgile Travesti), born in Paris (d. 1660)
  • Jul 14 Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • Oct 6 Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (d. 1690)
  • Oct 19 James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
  • Dec 12 Basil of Ostrog [Saint Vasilije], Serbian Orthodox bishop, born in Mrkonjići (d. 1671)
  • Dec 15 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish court painter (Theatrum Pictorium), born in Antwerp (d. 1690)
  • Dec 18 Charles Du Fresne Du Cange, French scholar/philologist

Deaths in History

  • Apr 18 Robert Parsons, English jesuit (A Letter Disclosure), dies at 63
  • May 11 Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (China), dies at 57

MurderHenry IV of France

May 14 Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610) and France (1589-1610), assassinated at 56

  • May 19 Thomas Sanchez, Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
  • May 27 François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • Jul 18 Caravaggio [Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio], Italian painter, (Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy), dies at 38
  • Aug 5 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • Oct 14 Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • Nov 2 Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury (1604-10), dies at 66
  • Nov 21 Benedict van Canfield [William Fish], English missionary, dies
  • Dec 3 Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general (b. 1548)
  • Dec 11 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, buried at 32
  • Dec 11 False Dmitry 2, Tsar of Russia, murdered
  • Dec 31 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (b. 1540)