On This Day

1619 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 20 Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague for alleged crimes against the federal government
  • Mar 12 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
  • Apr 19 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam
  • May 18 Dutch jurist and scholar Hugo Grotius sentenced to life in prison in Loevestein Castle in the Netherlands (later escapes in a book chest)
  • Jun 2 England and the Netherlands sign treaty about trading in the Indies
  • Jun 10 Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt
  • Jun 24 Tsar Michail's father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • Jul 20 Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
  • Jul 30 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 8 Duke Maximilian I & Emperor Ferdinand II signs Treaty of Munchen

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Aug 20 1st known African Americans in English North America (approx. 20) land at Point Comfort (Fort Monroe), Virginia. They are then sold or traded into servitude.
  • Aug 27 Frederik van Palts chosen as King of Bohemia
  • Aug 28 Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor (rules till 1637)
  • Sep 15 Prince Bethlen Gabor's troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary
  • Sep 30 Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
  • Nov 4 Frederick V crowned king of Bohemia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 René Descartes has the dream that inspires his "Meditations on First Philosophy"

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • Dec 4 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish, England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 24 Charles Le Brun, French classical painter who helped establish the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, born in Paris (d. 1690)
  • Mar 6 Cyrano de Bergerac, French playwright (Voyage to the Moon), known for his large nose
  • Apr 21 Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Colony (Cape Town), born in Culemborg (d. 1677)
  • May 24 Philips Wouwerman, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1668)
  • Jun 7 Paulus Voet, Dutch jurist and historian, born in Heusden, Netherlands (d. 1667)
  • Jun 24 Rijcklof Volckertsz van Goens, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1678-81), born in Rees, Germany (d. 1682)
  • Aug 15 Hubertus Quellinus, Flemish cartoonist and painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1687)
  • Aug 29 Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister of Navy, born in Reims, France (d. 1683)
  • Sep 17 John Lambert, English general-major and parliamentary leader, born in Kirkby Malham, England (d. 1684)
  • Oct 8 Philipp von Zesen, German poet and historian (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1689)
  • Nov 3 Willem Kalf, Dutch painter (still lifes), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • Nov 7 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (Historiettes), born in La Rochelle, France (d. 1692)
  • Nov 15 Philips Koninck, Dutch landscape painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1688)
  • Dec 17 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, born in Prague (d. 1682)
  • Dec 28 Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Nicholas Hilliard, English painter of miniature portraits, dies at about 71
  • Jan 24 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator against the rule of James I of England, dies at 54
  • Feb 9 Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
  • Mar 2 Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England, dies at 44
  • Mar 20 Matthias II, Holy Roman Catholic emperor (1611-19), dies
  • Apr 10 Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
  • Apr 16 Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies
  • May 13 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch lawyer and statesman, beheaded at 71
  • Jul 2 Olivier de Serres, French farming pioneer (silkworms), dies
  • Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
  • Aug 15 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • Aug 30 Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord, dies at 84
  • Sep 29 Hans Lippershey, credited inventor of the telescope, buried aged 48 or 49
  • Oct 14 Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • Nov 13 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter, dies at 64
  • Dec 23 John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (1618-19), dies at 47
  • Dec 29 Antoine Arnauld, French lawyer (Philippica), dies