On This Day

1620 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 4 Prince Bethlen Gabor of Hungary signs peace with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
  • May 17 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey
  • Jun 3 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • Jul 31 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden, Netherlands for England on their way to America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Astronomer Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • Aug 7 Battle at Ponts-the-Ce, Poitou: French king Louis XIII defeats his mother Marie de Medici
  • Aug 15 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims
  • Sep 6 The Mayflower departs Plymouth, England with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

  • Nov 3 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony
  • Nov 8 Battle of White Mountain, Prague
  • Nov 9 After a month of delays off the English coast and about two months at sea, the Mayflower spots land (Cape Cod)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Myles Standish leads 16 men in a foot exploration of the northern portion of Cape Cod

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • Nov 19 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
  • Nov 21 Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Mass
  • Nov 21 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, [O.S. Nov 11]
  • Dec 2 English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • Dec 11 102 Mayflower Pilgrims and about 30 crew land at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [NS, Dec 21]
  • Dec 11 Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans, which became known as the "First Encounter"
  • Dec 21 102 Mayflower Pilgrims and about 30 crew land at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [OS=Dec 11]
  • Dec 23 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII

MurderMurder of Interest

Dec 26 Hungarian Countess Elizabeth Báthory's crimes and serial murders are uncovered

Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History Elizabeth Báthory
Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History
Elizabeth Báthory

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 31 Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief
  • Feb 4 Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (d. 1667)
  • Feb 15 Francois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist
  • Feb 16 Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • Mar 12 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)

Person of interestMarguerite Bourgeoys

Apr 17 Marguerite Bourgeoys, French founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (first Canadian saint), born in Troyes, France (d. 1700)

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • Apr 24 John Graunt, English statistician, founder of science of demography, born in London (d. 1674)
  • May 23 Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp
  • Jul 21 Jean Picard, French astronomer, born in La Flèche, France (d. 1682)
  • Jul 29 Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philologist/diplomat
  • Aug 12 Pieter Cuypers, S Neth lawyer
  • Sep 29 John L baron of Elderen, 63rd prince-bishop of Luik (1688-94)
  • Oct 1 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1683)
  • Oct 20 Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)
  • Oct 31 John Evelyn, English writer and diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin), born in Wotten, England (d. 1706)
  • Nov 10 Anne "Ninon" de l'Enclos, French patron of the arts, courtesan and writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1705)
  • Nov 20 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born aboard the Mayflower (d. 1704)
  • Dec 18 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 17 Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
  • Feb 19 Roemer P Visscher, poet, buried in Amsterdam
  • Mar 9 Aegidius Albertinus, German writer (Lucifer's Kingdom), dies at 59
  • Mar 16 St. John Sarkander, Moravian priest, died of injuries caused by torturing
  • May 6 Hayyim ben Joseph Vital, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1543)
  • May 16 William Adams, English navigator and 1st ever Western Samurai, dies at 55
  • May 31 Willem Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies at 59
  • Jun 16 Carlo Saraceni, [Carlo Veniziano], Italian painter (Judith), dies
  • Jun 29 John Aerts, Flemish sculptor
  • Aug 18 Wanli, Emperor of Ming Dynasty, dies at 56
  • Sep 26 Taichang Emperor [Zhu Changluo], 14th Emperor of the Ming dynasty of China, dies at 38
  • Oct 7 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • Nov 7 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • Nov 9 Louise de Coligny, 4th wife of Willem of Orange, dies at 65
  • Nov 13 Louise de Coligny, French 4th wife of Willem of Orange, dies at 65