On This Day

1621 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 13 Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
  • Feb 9 Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 17 Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • Mar 4 Jacarta, Java, renamed Batavia
  • Mar 7 John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies
  • Mar 16 Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Mar 22 Dutch jurist Hugo de Groot (Hugo Grotius) escapes in book chest from Loevestein Castle in the Netherlands
  • Apr 5 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • Apr 9 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • Apr 15 Hugo Grotius arrives in France after escaping prison in a book chest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Francis Bacon accused of bribery

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
  • May 24 The Protestant Union is formally dissolved
  • May 31 Sir Francis Bacon imprisoned in the Tower of London for 1 night
  • Jun 3 Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa)
  • Jun 25 French government army occupies Fort St Jean d'Angély at La Rochelle
  • Jul 6 Dutch governor general John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda islands, 15,000 die
  • Sep 15 Swedish troops occupy Riga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army

  • Oct 9 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • Nov 19 Rabbi Isaiah ben Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Dec 18 English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 25 Governor William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas

First Governor of Plymouth Colony William Bradford
First Governor of Plymouth Colony
William Bradford

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 27 Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • Feb 2 Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
  • Feb 14 Sybilla Schwarz, German baroque poet, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1638)
  • Mar 31 Andrew Marvell, English poet (To His Coy Mistress), born in Winestead, England (d. 1678)
  • Apr 1 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, born in Amritsar, India (d. 1675)
  • Apr 23 William Penn, English admiral and politician, father of the founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, born in St. Thomas Parish, Bristol (d. 1670)
  • Apr 25 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland (d. 1679)
  • Jul 8 Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables), born in Château-Thierry, Aisne, France (d. 1695)
  • Jul 22 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury/minister (1660-73)
  • Aug 19 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1674)
  • Sep 5 Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble, born in Elda, Spain (d. 1694)
  • Sep 8 Louis II Condé, Duke of Bourbon (Rocroy), born in Paris (d. 1686)
  • Oct 8 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1688)
  • Nov 3 Renatus Rapinus [René Rapin], French Jesuit theologian and poet (Hortorum libri IV), born in Tours, France (d. 1687)
  • Nov 20 Avvakum, Russian Orthodox archpriest and writer, born in Grigorovo, Nizhny Novgorod (d. 1682)
  • Dec 23 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • Dec 23 Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 28 Pope Paul V [Camillo Borghese], 233rd pope (1605-21) and persecutor of Galileo, dies at 68
  • Feb 28 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
  • Mar 31 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), dies at 42
  • Apr 1 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
  • Apr 15 John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony, dies at 45
  • May 11 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, dies at 65
  • May 15 Henrick de Keyser, Amsterdam's master builder, dies at 56
  • Jun 8 Anne de Xainctonge, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, dies at 53
  • Jul 2 Thomas Harriot, English astronomer (1st person to draw map of the Moon with a telescope), dies at 61 or 62
  • Jul 10 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
  • Jul 13 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, dies at 61
  • Aug 3 Guillaume du Vair, French writer and thinker, dies at 65
  • Aug 15 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), dies at 39
  • Sep 17 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint (Doctor of the Church), dies at 78
  • Sep 24 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • Oct 8 Antoine de Montchrétien, French dramatist
  • Nov 26 Radulph Agas, English surveyor (C. 1540)
  • Dec 13 Katarina Stenbock, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • Dec 15 Charles d'Albert, duc of Luynes, French courtier, favourite of Louis XIII and Constable of France, dies at 43
  • Dec 30 Saint Job of Maniava, Ukrainian Orthodox Saint (b. 1550)