On This Day

1626 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 6 Huguenot rebels & French sign Peace of La Rochelle
  • Feb 27 Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 25 Battle of Dessau Bridge: Albrecht von Wallenstein at head of Holy Roman Empire forces defeats Danish attempt led by Ernst von Mansfeld's to cross Elbe River (Thirty Years' War)

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • May 4 Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands
  • May 6 Dutch colonist Peter Minuit organizes the purchase of Manhattan Island from Native Americans for 60 guilders worth of goods, believed to have been Canarsee Indians of the Lenape
  • May 30 An explosion at the Wanggongchang Gunpowder Factory in Beijing destroys part of the city and kills 20,000 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 King Charles I disbands English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Jul 5 Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • Aug 1 Earl Earnest Casimir conquers Oldenzaal
  • Aug 27 Battle of Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
  • Sep 30 Battle between King Bethlen Gabor & Earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends

Papal VisitSt. Peter's Basilica

Nov 18 St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world's largest Christian basilica

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St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
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  • Dec 1 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Prince of Transylvania Gabor Bethlen sign Peace of Pressburg (Bratislava)

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish landscape painter (Wooded Landscape), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1699)
  • Jan 25 John van de Cappelle, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • Feb 5 Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696)
  • Mar 12 John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • Apr 5 Jan van Kessel, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1679)
  • Apr 13 Aert Jansse van Nes, Dutch naval commander, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • May 12 Louis Hennepin, Flemish missionary who explorer the interior of North America, born in Ath, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1705)
  • May 27 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1650)
  • Jul 25 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1685)
  • Aug 1 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • Aug 14 Daniel Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, born in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherland (d. 1680)
  • Oct 4 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), born in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1712)
  • Oct 17 Simon van Leeuwen, lawyer/historian (Roman-Holland regt)
  • Dec 8 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), born in Tre Kronor Castle, Stockholm (d. 1689)
  • Dec 20 Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman, born in Herzogenaurach, Germany (d. 1692)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant & regent, dies at 68
  • Jan 24 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer, dies at 45
  • Feb 7 William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • Feb 11 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, dies at 77
  • Feb 28 Cyril Tourneur, English poet/dramatist, dies at about 51

Person of interestFrancis Bacon

Apr 9 Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • Apr 11 Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
  • May 4 Arthur Lake, English Bishop of Bath and Wells, and translator of the King James Bible, dies at 56
  • Jun 7 Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Flemish Roman Catholic nun, dies at 76
  • Jun 16 Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader during the Thirty Years' War, dies at 26
  • Jul 5 Stephan Fadinger, Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
  • Jul 13 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, dies at 62
  • Sep 21 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
  • Sep 26 Lancelot Andrewes, English theologist/bishop of Winchester, dies at 71
  • Sep 26 Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
  • Sep 30 Nurhaci, Manchurian chief, founding Khan of Later Jin (b. 1559)
  • Oct 2 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish diplomat, dies at 58
  • Oct 30 Willebrord Snellius (also Snell and Snel van Royen), Dutch astronomer/mathematician, dies at about 46
  • Nov 29 Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)
  • Dec 8 John Davies, English poet (b. 1569)
  • Dec 10 Edmund Gunter, English mathematician (b. 1581)
  • Dec 15 Adriaen de Vries, Dutch sculptor/painter, dies at about 70