On This Day

1629 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Mar 10 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament for the 4th time in his reign, summons new Parliament 11 years later, only to be dissolved after 3 months
  • Mar 24 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia
  • Apr 14 England and France sign Peace of Susa
  • May 3 French huguenot leader Duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lubeck

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Jun 4 Dutch East India ship Batavia wrecks on Morning Reef off the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia, with 200 survivors (only 70 survive after three months due to mutiny and murders) [1]

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 18 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beats the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • Jun 28 Peace of Alès: Rights of French huguenots limited
  • Jul 10 1st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • Aug 26 Cambridge Agreement, Massachusetts Bay Company stockholders agree to emigrate

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 14 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Sep 24 Jacques Specx appointed governor-general of Dutch-Indies
  • Sep 26 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • Oct 13 Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • Oct 30 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath
  • Nov 3 Prince Frederick Henry festival in The Hague

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 9 Tsar Alexis I of Russia [Aleksey Mikhaylovich], Tsar of Russia (1645-76), born in Moscow (d. 1676)
  • Mar 19 Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • Apr 7 Juan Jose, of Austria, Spanish general/governor of Netherlands
  • Apr 14 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1695)
  • Apr 23 Jan Commelin, Dutch botanist and director of Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1692)
  • May 8 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1697)
  • Aug 12 Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • Aug 17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • Sep 9 Cornelis Tromp, Dutch naval officer and son of Maarten Tromp, born in Rotterdam, Dutch Republic (d. 1691)
  • Sep 21 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London (d. 1694)
  • Nov 1 St. Oliver Plunkett, Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and last Catholic martyr to die in England, born in Loughcrew, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1681)
  • Dec 20 Pieter de Hoogh, Dutch Golden Age painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1684)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Abbas I, Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • Mar 16 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, dies at 59
  • Mar 29 Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch artist (b. 1565)
  • Apr 8 Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologian and vicar, dies at 50
  • May 29 Arnold Baert, Flemish lawyer and member of Great Council, dies at about 74

Person of interestPiet Heyn

Jun 18 Piet Heyn, Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, shot by cannonball during a skirmish with privateers at 51

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • Jun 24 Charles Scribani, Flemish jesuit and author, dies at 67
  • Jul 13 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • Aug 21 Camillo Procaccini, Italian painter/etcher, dies
  • Sep 21 John Pieterszoon Coen, merchant/gov-gen of East-Indies, dies at 42
  • Oct 2 Pierre the Barulle, French cardinal/founder (French Oratorio), dies
  • Oct 3 Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian military leader (b. 1570)
  • Oct 21 Tumengung Buraksa, Matarams/Javanese general, dies in battle
  • Nov 15 Bethlen Gabor, King of Hungary (1620-29), dies at 49