On This Day

1632 in History

Events in History

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Feb 22 Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems" is published

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Mar 29 Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed, returns Quebec to French control after the English seized it in 1629
  • Apr 15 Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme military commander of the Holy Roman Empire

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 4 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange conquers Venlo

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Jun 5 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange conquers Roermond
  • Jun 8 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, conquers Sittard
  • Jun 20 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • Jul 22 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro Palace for King Philip IV
  • Jul 23 Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France.
  • Aug 22 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange occupies Maastricht
  • Aug 28 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Drenthe

BattleBattle of Interest

Sep 1 Battle at Castelnaudary: Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses to French royalist forces loyal to Louis XIII

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII
  • Sep 3 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • Oct 5 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • Nov 16 Battle of Lützen: Significant battle of Thirty Years' War - Swedish and Saxon forces defeat the Holy Roman Empire, at cost of the death of Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist, born in Zwönitz, Germany (d. 1694)
  • Jan 29 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
  • Feb 20 Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds, English PM (1690-94)/founder (Tories)
  • Apr 6 Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)
  • May 8 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, born in Mierzęcin, Poland (d. 1706)
  • Jun 10 Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes, born in Pernes-les-Fontaines, France (d. 1710)
  • Aug 2 Kaspar von Stieler, German poet (Teutsche Wolredner), born in Erfurt, Germany (d. 1707)
  • Aug 20 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1704)

Person of interestJohn Locke

Aug 29 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), born in Wrington, England (d. 1704)

Philosopher John Locke
John Locke

Person of interestChristopher Wren

Oct 20 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire (d. 1723)

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
  • Oct 24 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa and naturalist (Philosophical Transactions), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1723)

Person of interestJan Vermeer

Oct 31 Jan Vermeer [Johannes Vermeer], Dutch painter (Girl with a Pearl Earring, The Astronomer), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1675)

Painter Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
  • Nov 23 Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • Nov 24 Baruch "Benedict" de Spinoza, Amsterdam, rationalist philosopher
  • Dec 17 Anthony Wood, English antiquarian, born in Oxford, England (d. 1695)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 31 Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
  • Apr 15 George Calvert, English politician & coloniser, dies at 52
  • Apr 20 Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake
  • Apr 30 Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, Holy Roman field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War, dies of tetanus after being wounded by a cannonball at 73

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

Apr 30 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • May 25 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, dies at 60
  • Jun 2 Ernst Casimir, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Friesland, dies at 58
  • Jun 22 James Whitelocke, English judge and politician (House of Common 1610-22), dies at 61
  • Jul 29 Samuel Ampzing, Dutch poet (Biblical Treasures), dies at 42
  • Aug 20 Valentin de Boulogne, French painter, buried at 38
  • Aug 25 Thomas Dekker, English dramatist (b. ca. 1572)
  • Sep 13 Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, dies at 45
  • Sep 17 Susenyos I, Emperor of Ethiopia (1606-1632), dies at around 60
  • Oct 12 Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • Oct 30 Henri de Montmorency, French duke/plotter, beheaded
  • Nov 6 Gustavus II Adolphus, King who made Sweden a major power (1611-32), dies at battle of Lützen at 37
  • Nov 17 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal, dies at 38
  • Nov 27 John Eliot, English parliament leader, dies at 40
  • Nov 29 Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, dies at 36
  • Dec 8 Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • Dec 20 Nicolas Antoine, French cath pastor who converted to Judaism, executed